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Monetary policy with non-Ricardian households

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  • Bhatnagar, Aryaman

Abstract

This paper analyzes how the presence of non-Ricardian households can alter the dynamics in a New-Keynesian Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (NK-DSGE) model. The model is calibrated using data for the US economy. We focus on two key areas. The first is the link between monetary policy and consumption inequality in the presence of non-Ricardian households. We find that a contractionary monetary policy shock increases consumption inequality. Part of this increase is due to a novel government transfer channel. This channel becomes significantly stronger when steady state debt is positive. We also find that because of this link, the presence of non-Ricardian households amplifies the impact of monetary policy on output and inflation. The second area relates to the choice of monetary policy rule. We compare six monetary policy rules, including a new labor income targeting rule. We find that labor income targeting outperforms all other rules for most parameter values. Nominal GDP targeting is better than labor income targeting only when the share of non-Ricardian households is large or when the households exhibit low habit persistence.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhatnagar, Aryaman, 2023. "Monetary policy with non-Ricardian households," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 12-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:89:y:2023:i:c:p:12-26
    DOI: 10.1016/j.qref.2023.03.003
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Non-Ricardian Households; Monetary Policy; Labor Income Targeting; Nominal GDP Targeting; Taylor Rule; Consumption Inequality; Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian Models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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