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Targeting Nominal Income Growth or Inflation?

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  • Jensen, Henrik

Abstract

Within a simple New Keynesian model emphasizing forward-looking behaviour of private agents, I evaluate optimal nominal income growth targeting versus optimal inflation targeting. When the economy under consideration is mainly subject to shocks that do not involve monetary policy trade-offs for society, inflation targeting is preferable. Otherwise, nominal income growth targeting may be superior because it induces inertial interest rate behaviour that improves the inflation-output gap trade-off. Somewhat paradoxically, inflation targeting is relatively less favourable the more society cares for inflation, and the more persistent are the effects of inflation-generating shocks.

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  • Jensen, Henrik, 1999. "Targeting Nominal Income Growth or Inflation?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2341, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2341
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation Targeting; Interest Rate Inertia; Monetary Policy; Nominal Income Growth Targeting;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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