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Designing monetary and Fiscal policy rules in a New Keynesian model with rule-of-thumb consumers

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  • Raffaele Rossi

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Abstract

This paper develops a small New Keynesian model augmented with a steady state level of public debt and a share of rule-of-thumb consumers (ROTC henceforth) as in Gali' et al. (2004; 2007). The paper focuses on the consequences for the design of monetary and fiscal rules, of the bifurcation generated by the presence of ROTC on the demand side of the economy, in the absence of Ricardian equivalence. We find that, when fiscal policy follows a balanced budget rule, the amount of ROTC determines whether an active and/or a passive monetary policy in the sense of Leeper (1991) guarantees determinacy. When short run public debt assets are introduced, the amount of ROTC determines whether equilibrium determinacy requires a mix of active (passive) monetary policy and a passive (active) fiscal policy or a mix where policies are both active or passive. This set of equilibria has the potential to explain the empirical evidence on the U.S. postwar data on monetary and fiscal policy interactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Raffaele Rossi, 2009. "Designing monetary and Fiscal policy rules in a New Keynesian model with rule-of-thumb consumers," Working Papers 174, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:174
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    File URL: http://dems.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper174.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Motta, Giorgio & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2015. "Money Targeting, Heterogeneous Agents, And Dynamic Instability," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(02), pages 288-310, March.
    2. repec:eee:ecolet:v:157:y:2017:i:c:p:103-106 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Paulo Vieira & Celsa Machado & Ana Paula Ribeiro, 2016. "Optimal Fiscal Simple Rules for Small and Large Countries of a Monetary Union," EcoMod2016 9685, EcoMod.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rule-of-thumb consumers; monetary-?scal iteractions; balanced budget rule; Taylor principle; active-passive policy mix;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General

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