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Fiscal Consolidations: Can We Reap the Gain and Escape the Pain?

Author

Listed:
  • Maria Ferrara
  • Patrizio Tirelli

Abstract

Under limited asset market participation fiscal consolidations have a deep and prolonged deflationary effect, causing substantial short term welfare losses to households whose access to financial markets is limited. We show that it is possible to both reduce public debt and boost consumption of constrained households. This is obtained by allowing taxes to immediately undershoot their post-consolidation steady-state values. A similar result is achieved if temporary public transfers to constrained households are exploited to stimulate demand. We also find that an interest rate rule which reacts not only to inflation but also to the output gap is an effective complement to fiscal policy as a stabilization tool. In fact, the output gap target induces the Central Bank to implement a stronger interest rate cut which triggers a surge in the consumption of Ricardian households. This, in turn, has beneficial effects on labor incomes and on RT households' consumption. We obtain the apparently paradoxical result that such a policy allows to obtain better control of inflation, limiting deflationary pressures.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Ferrara & Patrizio Tirelli, 2014. "Fiscal Consolidations: Can We Reap the Gain and Escape the Pain?," Working Papers 283, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:283
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    File URL: http://dems.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper283.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Albonico, Alice & Paccagnini, Alessia & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2016. "In search of the Euro area fiscal stance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 254-264.
    2. Agovino, Massimiliano & Ferrara, Maria, 2015. "Disabilità e povertà: il ruolo delle pensioni di invalidità civile. Un'analisi DSGE per i dati italiani
      [Disability and poverty: the role of civilian disability pensions. A DSGE analysis for Italia
      ," MPRA Paper 65616, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:spr:qualqt:v:51:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11135-016-0347-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Roberta, Cardani & Lorenzo, Menna & Patrizio, Tirelli, 2016. "Optimal Public Debt Consolidation with Distributional Conflicts," Working Papers 350, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 05 Oct 2016.
    5. Massimiliano Agovino & Maria Ferrara, 2017. "Can civilian disability pensions overcome the poverty issue? A DSGE analysis for Italian data," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 1469-1491, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal Consolidation; DSGE modelling; Rule of Thumb Con- sumers; Fiscal Policy; Monetary Policy; Zero Lower Bound;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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