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Supply Side Interventions and Redistribution

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  • Teresa Garcia-Milà
  • Albert Marcet
  • Eva Ventura

Abstract

We evaluate the effect on welfare of shifting the burden of capital income taxes to labour taxes in a dynamic equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents and constant tax rates. We calibrate and simulate the economy; we find that lowering capital taxes has two effects: it increases efficiency in terms of aggregate production and it redistributes wealth in favour of those agents with a low wage/wealth ratio. When the parameters of the model are calibrated to match the distribution of income in terms of the wage/wealth ratio, the redistributive effect dominates, and agents with a high wage/wealth ratio would experience a large loss in utility if capital income taxes were eliminated. Copyright © The Author(s). Journal compilation © Royal Economic Society 2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Teresa Garcia-Milà & Albert Marcet & Eva Ventura, 2010. "Supply Side Interventions and Redistribution," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(543), pages 105-130, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:120:y:2010:i:543:p:105-130
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    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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