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Rule-of-thumb Consumers, Consumption Habits and the Taylor Principle

Listed author(s):
  • Giorgio Motta
  • Patrizio Tirelli

    ()

We show that the combination rule-of-thumb consumers and consump- tion habits dramatically aspects the dynamic performance of DSGE mod- els, resurrecting Bilbiie's (2008) inverted Taylor principle. Another origi- nal contribution of the paper is the analysis of optimal operational simple rules when RT households and habit formation in consumption are taken into account. We are able to show that the higher the share of RT con- sumers the more important for the optimal monetary policy is the stabi- lization of the wage gap, the variable that drives consumption volatility for RT consumers. The combination of consumption habits and RT con- sumers aspect the dynamic performance of the model under the optimal simple rule. Even a relatively small share of RT consumers is sufficient to generate a substantial increase in volatility. When the share of RT con- sumers is sufficiently large to require an inversion of the Taylor principle to preserve dynamic stability, optimal monetary policy is forced to gen- erate some "unconventional" impulse-response functions. For instance, a favourable productivity shock is followed by an increase in inflation and by a positive output gap.

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File URL: http://dems.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper194.pdf
File Function: First version, 2010
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Paper provided by University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 194.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision: Jul 2010
Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:194
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  1. Campbell Leith & Ioana Moldovan & Raffaele Rossi, 2012. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a New Keynesian Model with Habits in Consumption," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 15(3), pages 416-435, July.
  2. Günter Coenen & Roland Straub, 2005. "Does Government Spending Crowd in Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 435-470, December.
  3. Richard Dennis, 2009. "Consumption Habits in a New Keynesian Business Cycle Model," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(5), pages 1015-1030, 08.
  4. Jordi Galí & J. David López-Salido, 2003. "Rule-of-Thumb Consumers and the Design of Interest Rate Rules," Working Papers 104, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  5. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2007. "Optimal simple and implementable monetary and fiscal rules," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1702-1725, September.
  6. N. Gregory Mankiw, 2000. "The Savers-Spenders Theory of Fiscal Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 120-125, May.
  7. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
  8. Bilbiie, Florin O., 2008. "Limited asset markets participation, monetary policy and (inverted) aggregate demand logic," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 162-196, May.
  9. Guido Ascari & Andrea Colciago & Lorenza Rossi, 2010. "Limited Asset Market Participation: Does it Really Matter for Monetary Policy?," Quaderni di Dipartimento 124, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  10. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 2005. "Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 1-45, February.
  11. Florin O. Bilbiie & André Meier & Gernot J. Müller, 2008. "What Accounts for the Changes in U.S. Fiscal Policy Transmission?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(7), pages 1439-1470, October.
  12. Christopher J. Erceg & Luca Guerrieri & Christopher Gust, 2006. "SIGMA: A New Open Economy Model for Policy Analysis," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 2(1), March.
  13. John Y. Campbell & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1989. "Consumption, Income and Interest Rates: Reinterpreting the Time Series Evidence," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1989, Volume 4, pages 185-246 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2005. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model: Expanded Version," NBER Working Papers 11417, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. repec:fth:harver:1435 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Günter Coenen & Roland Straub, 2005. "Does Government Spending Crowd in Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 435-470, December.
  17. Jeffrey C. Fuhrer, 2000. "Habit Formation in Consumption and Its Implications for Monetary-Policy Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 367-390, June.
  18. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2003. "An Estimated Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Model of the Euro Area," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(5), pages 1123-1175, 09.
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