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The Role of Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union: are National Automatic Stabilizers Effective?

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  • Andrea Colciago
  • Tiziano Ropele
  • V. Anton Muscatelli
  • Patrizio Tirelli

Abstract

We assess the role of national fiscal policies, as automatic stabilizers, within a monetary union. We use a two-country New Keynesian DSGE model, incorporating non-Ricardian consumers and a home bias in national consumption. Fiscal policy directly stabilizes non-Ricardian agents' consumption. By doing so it contributes to the reduction in the volatility of variables such as output, wage inflation, and real interest rates. Our analysis of country-specific shocks does not suggest potential inter-country conflicts (as long as policies are constrained within the automatic stabilizers framework). However, we detect a potential conflict between the two consumer groups, because fiscal policy may raise optimizing agents' consumption volatility. Copyright © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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  • Andrea Colciago & Tiziano Ropele & V. Anton Muscatelli & Patrizio Tirelli, 2008. "The Role of Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union: are National Automatic Stabilizers Effective?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(3), pages 591-610, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:16:y:2008:i:3:p:591-610
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    Cited by:

    1. Strehl, Wolfgang & Engler, Philipp, 2015. "Progressive Taxation and Monetary Policy in a Currency Union," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112823, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Stähler, Nikolai & Gadatsch, Niklas & Hauzenberger, Klemens, 2014. "Getting into GEAR: German and the Rest of Euro Area Fiscal Policy During the Crisis," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100460, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Stähler, Nikolai & Thomas, Carlos, 2012. "FiMod — A DSGE model for fiscal policy simulations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 239-261.
    4. Philipp Engler & Simon Voigts, 2013. "A Transfer Mechanism for a Monetary Union," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2013-013, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    5. Degiannakis, Stavros & Duffy, David & Filis, George & Livada, Alexandra, 2016. "Business cycle synchronisation in EMU: Can fiscal policy bring member-countries closer?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 551-563.
    6. Iulia Siedschlag, 2008. "Macroeconomic Differentials and Adjustment in the Euro Area," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2008/3 edited by Morten Balling.
    7. Andrea Colciago, 2006. "Sticky wages and rule of thumb consumers," Working Papers 98, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2006.
    8. Ferrara, Maria & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2017. "Equitable fiscal consolidations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 207-223.
    9. Maria Ferrara & Patrizio Tirelli, 2015. "Disinflation and Inequality in a DSGE monetary model: A Welfare Analysis," Working Papers 305, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2015.
    10. Federico Etro & Andrea Colciago, 2010. "Endogenous Market Structures and the Business Cycle," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(549), pages 1201-1233, December.
    11. Reicher, Claire, 2014. "Systematic fiscal policy and macroeconomic performance: A critical overview of the literature," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 8, pages 1-37.
    12. Séverine Menguy, 2016. "Optimal Budgetary Policies in New-Keynesian Models: Can they help when the Zero Lower Bound is binding?," Bulletin of Applied Economics, Risk Market Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 43-98.
    13. Giorgio Motta & Patrizio Tirelli, 2013. "Limited Asset Market Participation, Income Inequality and Macroeconomic Volatility," Working Papers 261, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2013.
    14. Josef Hollmayr & Michael Kuehl, 2016. "Imperfect Information about Financial Frictions and Consequences for the Business Cycle," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, pages 179-207.
    15. Maria Ferrara & Patrizio Tirelli, 2014. "Fiscal Consolidations: Can We Reap the Gain and Escape the Pain?," Working Papers 283, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2014.
    16. Cindy Moons, 2013. "Losses from Membership in EMU: An Estimated Two-Country DSGE Model," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 59(1), pages 27-61.
    17. Costa Junior, Celso Jose & Sampaio, Armando Vaz & Gonçalves, Flávio de Oliveria, 2012. "Income Transfer as Model of Economic Growth," MPRA Paper 45494, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Gadatsch, Niklas & Hauzenberger, Klemens & Stähler, Nikolai, 2016. "Fiscal policy during the crisis: A look on Germany and the Euro area with GEAR," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 997-1016.
    19. Barrett, Alan & Bergin, Adele & FitzGerald, John & Traistaru-Siedschlag, Iulia, 2006. "Economic Assessment of the Euro Area: Forecasts and Policy Analysis, Autumn Report 2006," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number sustat22.

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