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Ricardian Equivalence Proposition in a NK DSGE Model for two Large Economies: The EU and the US

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  • Jorge A. Fornero

Abstract

This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of active fiscal policy management coupled with a monetary policy that follows the Taylor principle. The objective is to investigate the relevance of the Ricardian Equivalence Proposition (REP) in a framework where two large open economies interact and a fraction of the consumers is financially constrained. According to an estimated vector autoregressive model, a positive shock in government expenditure leads to an increase in private consumption (at odds with the permanent income hypothesis). The channels are studied in a fully microfounded dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model economy calibrated for the Euro Area (EU-12) and for the United States. The crucial parameter that drives the break of the REP is the share of financially constrained consumers. Firms produce tradable varieties in a monopolistic competition framework and pricing is à la Calvo, which leads to nominal price stickiness. Labor varieties are immobile across countries and are demanded in an aggregated fashion by firms. Fiscal policy is specified as a time-consistent rule. We simulate through impulseresponse functions parameterizations that yield results consistent with the REP, and estimate a subset of deep parameters employing Bayesian techniques.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge A. Fornero, 2010. "Ricardian Equivalence Proposition in a NK DSGE Model for two Large Economies: The EU and the US," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 563, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:563
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Felipe Céspedes & Jorge A. Fornero & Jordi Galí, 2013. "Non-Ricardian Aspects of Fiscal Policy in Chile," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Luis Felipe Céspedes & Jordi Galí (ed.), Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Performance, edition 1, volume 17, chapter 8, pages 283-322 Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Costa Junior, Celso Jose & Sampaio, Armando Vaz & Gonçalves, Flávio de Oliveria, 2012. "Income Transfer as Model of Economic Growth," MPRA Paper 45494, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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