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Fiscal stimulus and labor market policies in Europe

Author

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  • Faia, Ester
  • Lechthaler, Wolfgang
  • Merkl, Christian

Abstract

Several contributions have recently assessed the size of fiscal multipliers both in RBC models and in New Keynesian models. This paper computes fiscal multipliers within a labor selection model with turnover costs and Nash bargained wages. We find that demand stimuli yield small multipliers, as they have little impact on hiring and firing decisions. By contrast, hiring subsidies, and short-time work (German “Kurzarbeit”) deliver large multipliers, as they stimulate job creation and employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Faia, Ester & Lechthaler, Wolfgang & Merkl, Christian, 2013. "Fiscal stimulus and labor market policies in Europe," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 483-499.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:37:y:2013:i:3:p:483-499
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2012.09.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Balleer, Almut & Gehrke, Britta & Lechthaler, Wolfgang & Merkl, Christian, 2016. "Does short-time work save jobs? A business cycle analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 99-122.
    2. Albonico, Alice & Paccagnini, Alessia & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2016. "In search of the Euro area fiscal stance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 254-264.
    3. Busl, Claudia & Seymen, Atılım, 2013. "The German labour market reforms in a European context: A DSGE analysis," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-097, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Fries, Claudia, 2015. "Spillover effects of labour market reforms in a three-country world," ZEW Discussion Papers 15-040, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. repec:eee:dyncon:v:81:y:2017:i:c:p:140-161 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Dai, Min & Keppo, Jussi & Maull, Tim, 2015. "Hiring, firing, and relocation under employment protection," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 55-81.
    7. Kuo, Chun-Hung & Miyamoto, Hiroaki, 2015. "Fiscal stimuli in the form of job creation subsidies," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 267-284.
    8. Povilas Lastauskas & Julius Stakenas, 2015. "Global Perspective on Structural Labour Market Reforms in Europe," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1534, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    9. Chun-Hung Kuo & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2014. "Fiscal Stimulus and Unemployment Dynamics," Working Papers EMS_2014_05, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    10. Angelopoulos, Konstantinos & Jiang, Wei & Malley, James, 2015. "Fiscal multipliers in a two-sector search and matching model," SIRE Discussion Papers 2015-67, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    11. Andrea Tafuro, 2015. " The Effects of Fiscal Policy on Employment: an Analysis of the Aggregate Evidence," Working Papers 2015: 03, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    12. Povilas Lastauskas & Julius Stakënas, 2016. "Openness and Structural Labour Market Reforms: Counterfactuals for Lithuania," Bank of Lithuania Discussion Paper Series 1, Bank of Lithuania.
    13. Topal, Pinar, 2015. "Fiscal stimulus and labor market flexibility," SAFE Working Paper Series 90, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    14. Antal, Miklós, 2014. "Green goals and full employment: Are they compatible?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 276-286.
    15. Kato, Ryuta Ray & Miyamoto, Hiroaki, 2013. "Fiscal stimulus and labor market dynamics in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 33-58.
    16. Lastauskas, Povilas & Tatsi, Eirini, 2017. "Spatial Nexus in Crime and Unemployment in Times of Crisis," Working Paper Series 2/2017, Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    17. Ryuta Ray Kato & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2015. "Effects of Fiscal Stimulus on the Labor Market," Public Policy Review, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan, vol. 11(2), pages 277-302, March.
    18. Karl Aiginger & Kurt Kratena & Margit Schratzenstaller & Teresa Weiss, 2014. "Moving towards a new growth model," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 3, WWWforEurope.
    19. Mayer, Eric & Rüth, Sebastian & Scharler, Johann, 2013. "Government debt, inflation dynamics and the transmission of fiscal policy shocks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 762-771.
    20. Elton Beqiraj & Massimiliano Tancioni, 2014. "Evaluating Labor Market Targeted Fiscal Policies in High Unemployment EZ Countries," Working Papers 165, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
    21. repec:eme:jfeppp:jfep-07-2016-0051 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Albonico, Alice & Paccagnini, Alessia & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2017. "Great recession, slow recovery and muted fiscal policies in the US," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 140-161.
    23. Povilas Lastauskas & Eirini Tatsi, 2013. "Spatial Nexus in Crime and unemployment in Times of crisis: Evidence from Germany," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1359, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    24. Angelopoulos, Konstantinos & Jiang, Wei & Malley, James, 2015. "Fiscal multipliers in a two-sector search and matching model," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 2015-67, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    25. Claudia Busl & Atilim Seymen, 2013. "(Spillover) Effects of Labour Market Reforms in Germany and France," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 8, WWWforEurope.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal multipliers; Fiscal packages; Labor markets; Short-time work; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General

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