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An Incentive Theory of Matching

Author

Listed:
  • Brown, Alessio J. G.

    (Centre for Population, Development and Labour Economics (POP))

  • Merkl, Christian

    (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Snower, Dennis J.

    (Hertie School of Governance)

Abstract

This paper presents a theory explaining the labor market matching process through microeconomic incentives. There are heterogeneous variations in the characteristics of workers and jobs, and firms face adjustment costs in responding to these variations. Matches and separations are described through firms' job offer and firing decisions and workers' job acceptance and quit decisions. This approach obviates the need for a matching function. On this theoretical basis, we argue that the matching function is vulnerable to the Lucas critique. Our calibrated model for the U.S. economy can account for important empirical regularities that the conventional matching model cannot.

Suggested Citation

  • Brown, Alessio J. G. & Merkl, Christian & Snower, Dennis J., 2009. "An Incentive Theory of Matching," IZA Discussion Papers 4145, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4145
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    firing; employment; unemployment; incentives; adjustment costs; matching; job offers; job acceptance; quits;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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