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Dismissal protection and worker flows in OECD countries: Evidence from cross-country/cross-industry data

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  • Andrea Bassanini

    (ERMES - Equipe de recherche sur les marches, l'emploi et la simulation - UP2 - Université Panthéon-Assas - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, OCDE - Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor - IZA)

  • Andrea Garnero

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management - ULB - Université libre de Bruxelles)

Abstract

Exploiting a unique dataset including cross-country comparable hiring and separation rates by type of transition for 24 OECD countries, 23 business-sector industries and 13 years, we study the effect of dismissal regulations on different types of gross worker flows, defined as one-year transitions. We use both a difference-in-difference approach - in which the impact of regulations is identified by exploiting likely cross-industry differences in their impact - and standard time-series analysis - in which the effect of regulations is identified through regulatory changes over time. We find that the more restrictive the regulation, the smaller is the rate of within-industry job-to-job transitions, in particular towards permanent jobs. By contrast, we find no significant effect as regards separations involving an industry change or leading to non-employment. The extent of reinstatement in the case of unfair dismissal appears to be the most important regulatory determinant of gross worker flows. We also present a large battery of robustness checks that suggest that our findings are robust.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Bassanini & Andrea Garnero, 2013. "Dismissal protection and worker flows in OECD countries: Evidence from cross-country/cross-industry data," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" hal-00813034, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00813034
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2012.12.003
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00813034
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gross worker flows; Industry-specific human capital; Job-to-job transitions; EPL; Reinstatement; Cross-country data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs

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