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Worker Displacement in France

Author

Listed:
  • David Margolis

    () (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - ENSAI - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Analyse de l'Information [Bruz] - X - École polytechnique - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, TEAM - Théories et Applications en Microéconomie et Macroéconomie - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the impact of displacement (defined as separation from a stable job due to firm closure) on workers in France. We find that a large share of displaced workers find new jobs without experiencing any interruption in their employment histories, and that falling into nonemployment seems to be a more transitory phenomenon for displaced workers than other separators. We find that the estimated effects of deplacement on earnings in France is very sensitive to the measure of earnings used, as there seems to be a lot of part-year working that takes place in the years surrounding a displacement or other separation. Earnings changes for displaced workers in France seem to reflect a major difference between those who find new jobs quickly and those who do not. There is an annual earnings penalty of an additional 28 percent (relative to continuously employed workers) for those men who do not find new jobs in the year following their displacement and this penalty is 47 percent for displaced women. owever, this annual earnings penalty seems driven largely by people working fewer days per year, as the slow job finding penalty on average daily earnings is only 4 percent for displaced men and 20 percent for displaced women.

Suggested Citation

  • David Margolis, 1999. "Worker Displacement in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00370589, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00370589
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00370589
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    Keywords

    Displaced Workers; Earnings Losses; Nonemployment Durations; Part-Year Work; Matched Firm-Worker Panel Data; France;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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