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Is Unemployment Really Scarring? Effects of Unemployment Experiences on Wages

  • Arulampalam, Wiji


    (University of Warwick)

This paper looks at the effects of unemployment on re-employment wage for men using the first seven waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) conducted over the period 1991- 1997. In particular, how the effect of an interruption changes over time, and whether the type of interruption itself matters or not for re-employment wage, are addressed. The issue of sample selection and unobserved heterogeneity are also addressed in the analyses. This study finds that, unemployment does have a scarring effect on individuals who experience it, in terms of earnings losses on re-employment jobs. In particular it finds that, an unemployed individual on returning to work will earn about 6% less than an otherwise equivalent individual who makes an employment to employment transition, during the first year of employment. This differential is estimated to increase to about 14% in the fourth year before starting to decline. In addition, the first spell of unemployment is estimated to have the largest effect with repeat incidences causing a further scarring. Separations due to redundancy are found to be less scarring relative to other causes. The worst affected were men aged over 45 with no educational qualifications. The study could not find any significant effects of unemployment duration on subsequent wages in addition to the incidence effect.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 189.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2000
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economic Journal, 2001, 111 (475), F585-606; see IZA Reprints 155/03
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp189
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  2. Topel, Robert H, 1991. "Specific Capital, Mobility, and Wages: Wages Rise with Job Seniority," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(1), pages 145-76, February.
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  10. Gregg, Paul & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 2000. "Mind the Gap, Please: The Changing Nature of Entry Jobs in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 67(268), pages 499-524, November.
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  14. Paull, G, 1997. "Dynamic Labour Market Behaviour in the British Household Panel Survey : The Effects of Recall Bias and Panel Attrition," Papers 10, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics.
  15. Narendranathan, W. & Elias, P., 1990. "Influences of Past History on the Incidence of Youth Unemployment: Empirical Finding for the U.K," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 369, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
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