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Costly default and skewed business cycle

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  • Patrick Fève

    (TSE-R - Toulouse School of Economics - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

  • Pablo Garcia Sanchez
  • Alban Moura
  • Olivier Pierrard

Abstract

We augment a simple Real Business Cycle model with financial intermediaries that may default on their liabilities and a financial friction generating social costs of default. We derive a closed-form solution for the general equilibrium of the economy, providing analytical results. Endogenous default generates a negative skew for aggregate variables and a positive skew for credit spreads, as documented in the empirical literature. Larger financial frictions strengthen asymmetry, which amplifies the welfare cost of fluctuations. Macro-prudential regulation alleviates both the cost of fluctuations and business-cycle asymmetry, at the expense of a steady-state distortion. Finally, we prove analytically the existence of an optimal level of regulation, which increases with the size of the financial friction.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Fève & Pablo Garcia Sanchez & Alban Moura & Olivier Pierrard, 2021. "Costly default and skewed business cycle," Post-Print hal-03346173, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03346173
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2020.103630
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03346173
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real Business Cycle model; Default; Financial frictions; Asymmetry; Optimal regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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