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Bank Capital in the Short and in the Long Run

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  • Mendicino, Caterina
  • Nikolov, Kalin
  • Suarez, Javier
  • Supera, Dominik

Abstract

How far should capital requirements be raised in order to ensure a strong and resilient banking system without imposing undue costs on the real economy? Capital requirement increases make banks safer and are beneficial in the long run but carry transition costs because their imposition reduces aggregate demand on impact. Under accommodative monetary policy, increasing capital requirements addresses financial stability risks without imposing large transition costs on the economy. In contrast, when the policy rate hits the lower bound, monetary policy loses the ability to dampen the effects of the capital requirement increase on the real economy. The long-run benefits of higher capital requirements are larger and the transition costs are smaller when the risk that causes bank failure is high.

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  • Mendicino, Caterina & Nikolov, Kalin & Suarez, Javier & Supera, Dominik, 2018. "Bank Capital in the Short and in the Long Run," CEPR Discussion Papers 13152, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13152
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    3. Fabian Eser & Peter Karadi & Philip R. Lane & Laura Moretti & Chiara Osbat, 2020. "The Phillips Curve at the ECB," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(S1), pages 50-85, September.
    4. Caterina Mendicino & Kalin Nikolov & Juan Rubio-Ramirez & Javier Suarez & Dominik Supera, 2020. "Twin Default Crises," Working Papers wp2020_2006, CEMFI.
    5. Andreas Beyer & Benoît Coeuré & Caterina Mendicino, 2017. "Foreword – The crisis, ten years after: Lessons learnt for monetary and financial research," Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), issue 494-495-4, pages 45-64.
    6. António R. Antunes & Tiago Cavalcanti & Caterina Mendicino & Marcel Peruffo & Anne Villamil, 2019. "Tighter Credit and Consumer Bankruptcy Insurance," Working Papers w201921, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    7. Olivier de Bandt & Bora Durdu & Hibiki Ichiue & Yasin Mimir & Jolan Mohimont & Kalin Nikolov & Sigrid Roehrs & Jean-Guillaume Sahuc & Valerio Scalone & Michael Straughan, 2022. "Assessing the Impact of Basel III: Evidence from Structural Macroeconomic Models," Working papers 864, Banque de France.
    8. Chen, Jiaqian & Finocchiaro, Daria & Lindé, Jesper & Walentin, Karl, 2020. "The costs of macroprudential deleveraging in a liquidity trap," Working Paper Series 389, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    9. Hinterschweiger, Marc & Khairnar, Kunal & Ozden, Tolga & Stratton, Tom, 2021. "Macroprudential policy interactions in a sectoral DSGE model with staggered interest rates," Bank of England working papers 904, Bank of England.
    10. Behn, Markus & Schramm, Alexander, 2020. "The impact of G-SIB identification on bank lending: evidence from syndicated loans," Working Paper Series 2479, European Central Bank.
    11. Ferrero, Andrea & Harrison, Richard & Nelson, Benjamin, 2018. "House Price Dynamics, Optimal LTV Limits and the Liquidity Trap," CEPR Discussion Papers 13400, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Modena, Andrea, 2020. "Recapitalization, bailout, and long-run welfare in a dynamic model of banking," SAFE Working Paper Series 292, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    13. Cozzi, Gabriele & Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Karadi, Peter & Körner, Jenny & Kok, Christoffer & Mazelis, Falk & Nikolov, Kalin & Rancoita, Elena & Van der Ghote, Alejandro & Weber, Julien, 2020. "Macroprudential policy measures: macroeconomic impact and interaction with monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2376, European Central Bank.
    14. Chavleishvili, Sulkhan & Fahr, Stephan & Kremer, Manfred & Manganelli, Simone & Schwaab, Bernd, 2021. "A risk management perspective on macroprudential policy," Working Paper Series 2556, European Central Bank.
    15. Laeven, Luc & Maddaloni, Angela & Mendicino, Caterina, 2022. "Monetary and macroprudential policies: trade-offs and interactions," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 92.
    16. Shaun de Jager & Riaan Ehlers & Keabetswe Mojapelo & Pieter Pienaar, 2021. "Shortterm impacts and interaction of macroprudential policy tools," Working Papers 11020, South African Reserve Bank.
    17. Simona Malovana & Martin Hodula & Zuzana Gric & Josef Bajzik, 2021. "Macroprudential Policy in Central Banks: Integrated or Separate? Survey Among Academics and Central Bankers," Research and Policy Notes 2021/04, Czech National Bank.
    18. Andrea Modena, 2020. "Recapitalization, Bailout, and Long-run Welfare in a Dynamic Model of Banking," Working Papers 2020:23, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    19. Laeven, Luc & Maddaloni, Angela & Mendicino, Caterina, 2022. "Monetary policy, macroprudential policy and financial stability," Working Paper Series 2647, European Central Bank.
    20. Jugnu Ansari & Saibal Ghosh, 2021. "Monetary Policy Pass-through, Ownership and Crisis: How Robust is the Indian Evidence?," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 15(4), pages 456-483, November.
    21. Mark Mink & Sebastiaan Pool, 2018. "Bank Recapitalizations, Credit Supply, and the Transmission of Monetary Policy," DNB Working Papers 616, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    22. D. Yu. Desyatnichenko & O. V. Ryabov & O. Yu. Desyatnichenko, 2022. "Effective Practices of Macroprudential Stress Testing as a Tool of Increasing the Stability of Russian Financial System in the Context of Macroeconomic Shocks," Administrative Consulting, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. North-West Institute of Management..
    23. Ferrero, Andrea & Harrison, Richard & Nelson, Benjamin, 2022. "House price dynamics, optimal LTV limits and the liquidity trap," Bank of England working papers 969, Bank of England.
    24. Behn, Markus & Schramm, Alexander, 2021. "The impact of G-SIB identification on bank lending: Evidence from syndicated loans," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank Fragility; Default Risk; effective lower bound; Financial Frictions; macroprudential policy; Transition Dynamics;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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