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Overborrowing, Financial Crises and ‘Macro-prudential’ Policy

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  • Enrique G. Mendoza
  • Javier Bianchi

Abstract

This paper studies overborrowing, financial crises and macro-prudential policy in an equilibrium model of business cycles and asset prices with collateral constraints. Agents in a decentralized competitive equilibrium do not internalize the negative effects of asset fire-sales on the value of other agents' assets and hence they borrow too much" ex ante, compared with a constrained social planner who internalizes these effects. Average debt and leverage ratios are slightly larger in the competitive equilibrium, but the incidence and magnitude of financial crises are much larger. Excess asset returns, Sharpe ratios and the market price of risk are also much larger. State-contigent taxes on debt and dividends of about 1 and -0.5 percent on average respectively support the planner’s allocations as a competitive equilibrium and increase social welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique G. Mendoza & Javier Bianchi, 2011. "Overborrowing, Financial Crises and ‘Macro-prudential’ Policy," IMF Working Papers 2011/024, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2011/024
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Adrian, Tobias & Boyarchenko, Nina, 2018. "Liquidity policies and systemic risk," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 35(PB), pages 45-60.
    2. Mendicino, Caterina & Nikolov, Kalin & Suarez, Javier & Supera, Dominik, 2018. "Bank Capital in the Short and in the Long Run," CEPR Discussion Papers 13152, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Ashima Goyal & Akhilesh K. Verma, 2020. "Cross border flows, financial Intermediation and interactions of policy rules in a small open economy model," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2020-008, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    4. Mădălin Viziniuc, 2017. "Potential Gains from Cooperation Between Monetary and Macroprudential Policies: The Case of an Emerging Economy," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(5), pages 420-452, September.
    5. Nicolas E. Magud & Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2018. "Capital Controls: Myth and Reality--A Portfolio Balance Approach," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 19(1), pages 1-47, May.
    6. De Chiara, Alessandro & Livio, Luca & Ponce, Jorge, 2018. "Flexible and mandatory banking supervision," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 86-104.
    7. Zhiguo He & Péter Kondor, 2016. "Inefficient Investment Waves," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 735-780, March.
    8. Natalie Tiernan & Pedro Gete, 2014. "Overlending and Macroprudential Tools," 2014 Meeting Papers 379, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Michael B. Devereux & James Yetman, 2014. "Capital Controls, Global Liquidity Traps, and the International Policy Trilemma," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 116(1), pages 158-189, January.
    10. Caterina Mendicino & Kalin Nikolov & Juan Rubio-Ramirez & Javier Suarez, 2020. "Twin Default Crises," Working Papers 2020-01, FEDEA.
    11. Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus & von Schweinitz, Gregor & Wendt, Katharina, 2019. "On the empirics of reserve requirements and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 253-274.
    12. Battiati, Claudio, 2019. "R&D, growth, and macroprudential policy in an economy undergoing boom-bust cycles," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 299-324.
    13. Siming Liu, 2018. "Spending Multiplier during Sudden Stop Crises," 2018 Meeting Papers 226, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Siming Liu, 2018. "Government Spending during Sudden Stop Crises," CAEPR Working Papers 2018-002, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Department of Economics, Indiana University Bloomington.
    15. Josef Schroth, 2019. "Macroprudential policy with capital buffers," BIS Working Papers 771, Bank for International Settlements.
    16. Pozo, Jorge, 2019. "Bank Risk-Taking in a Small Open Economy," Working Papers 2019-016, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    17. Ricardo M. Reyes-Heroles & Gabriel Tenorio, 2017. "Managing Capital Flows in the Presence of External Risks," International Finance Discussion Papers 1213, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    18. Arana, Rumile & Ramirez, Francisco A. & Wright, Allan, 2020. "Credit Risks and Monetary Policy within Caribbean Economies," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 8268, Inter-American Development Bank.

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