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Does gender matter for academic promotion? Evidence from a randomized natural experiment

  • Natalia Zinovyeva
  • Manuel F. Bagues

Given the lack of women in academia, several countries have recently adopted gender quotas in hiring and promotion committees. This paper studies whether these policies may work. The identification strategy exploits the random assignment mechanism in place between 2002 and 2006 in all academic disciplines in Spain to select the members of promotion committees. We find that a larger share of female evaluators increases the chances of success of female applicants to full professor positions, but it decreases the chances of success of female applicants to associate professor positions. The evidence is consistent with the existence of ambivalent sexism, and with some female evaluators behaving strategically.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2010-15.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2010-15
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  11. Manuel Bagues & Maria Jose Perez-Villadoniga, 2009. "Do recruiters prefer applicants with similar skills? Evidence from a randomized natural experiment," Business Economics Working Papers wb090562, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
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  16. Booth, Alison & Jeff Frank & David Blackaby, 2003. "Outside Offers and the Gender Pay Gap: Empirical Evidence from the UK Academic Labour Market," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 28, Royal Economic Society.
  17. Boschini, Anne & Sjögren, Anna, 2006. "Is Team Formation Gender Neutral? Evidence from Coauthorship Patterns," Working Paper Series 658, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  18. Alison Booth & Andrew Leigh, 2010. "Do employers discriminate by gender? A field experiment in female-dominated occupations," Natural Field Experiments 00200, The Field Experiments Website.
  19. Manuel F. Bagues & Berta Esteve-Volart, 2010. "Can Gender Parity Break the Glass Ceiling? Evidence from a Repeated Randomized Experiment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 77(4), pages 1301-1328.
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