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Local Warming, Local Economic Growth, and Local Change in Democratic Culture

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  • Van de Vliert, Evert
  • Tol, Richard S. J.

Abstract

In a 104-nation study we first demonstrate that cultural self-expression, individualism and democracy languish in poor countries with colder-than-temperate winters, but flourish in rich countries with such winters. Mild summers are kind to this syndrome of culturally embedded democracy in rich countries only. Using these climato-economic niches of culture, we then estimate how unarrested global warming in conjunction with unaltered economic growth would affect democratic culture in 138 countries and regions. Local warming in concert with local economic trends would weaken democratic culture, especially the strongly democratic cultures of Australia, New Zealand, Northern Europe, and North America, but would strengthen democratic culture in China and Russia.

Suggested Citation

  • Van de Vliert, Evert & Tol, Richard S. J., 2011. "Local Warming, Local Economic Growth, and Local Change in Democratic Culture," Papers WP378, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp378
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    File URL: http://www.esri.ie/pubs/WP378.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maddison, David, 2003. "The amenity value of the climate: the household production function approach," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 155-175, May.
    2. Andrea Bigano & Jacqueline M. Hamilton & Richard S.J. Tol, 2004. "The Impact Of Climate On Holiday Destination Choice," Working Papers FNU-55, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Oct 2004.
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    growth/europe/North America;

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