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A shot in the dark? Policy influence on cluster networks

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  • Holger Graf
  • Tom Broekel

Abstract

Cluster policies are often intended and designed to promote interaction in R&D among co-located organisations, as local knowledge interactions are perceived to be underdeveloped. In contrast to the popularity of the policy measure little is known about its impact on knowledge networks, because most scientific evaluations focus on impacts at the firm level. Using the example of the BioRegio contest, we explore cluster policy effects on local patent co-application and co-invention networks observed from 1985 to 2013, in 17 German regions. We find that the initiative increases network size and innovation activities during the funding period but not afterwards. The impact of the BioRegio contest on network cohesion is moderate. In contrast, general project-based R&D subsidisation is found to support cohesion more robustly.

Suggested Citation

  • Holger Graf & Tom Broekel, 2019. "A shot in the dark? Policy influence on cluster networks," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1927, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1927
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    Cited by:

    1. Madeline Smith & James R. Wilson & Emily Wise, 2020. "Evaluating clusters: Where theory collides with practice," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 413-430, June.

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    Keywords

    Cluster Policy; Knowledge Networks; Network Analysis; Patent Data; Regional Innovation; Policy Evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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