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Local Management of National Cluster Policies: Comparative Case Studies of Japanese, German, and French Biotechnology Clusters

Listed author(s):
  • Hiroyuki Okamuro


    (Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, Naka 2-1, Kunitachi Tokyo 186-8601, Japan)

  • Junichi Nishimura


    (Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University, Mejiro 1-5-1, Toshima Tokyo 171-8588, Japan)

Cluster policies have attracted increasing attention worldwide, but only a few studies have focused on their management by local cluster organizations. We investigate the relationship between national cluster policies and their management by local cluster organizations from a comparative perspective. For this purpose, we provide a detailed comparison of national cluster policies in Japan, Germany, and France as well as six prominent biotechnology clusters in these countries. Information on the focal clusters and on the management of cluster policies was obtained using semi-structured interviews with cluster managers. We find that national cluster policies considerably differ among these countries according to basic conditions of clusters and that the patterns of national cluster policy are closely related to those of local cluster management, despite some differences between clusters in the same country caused by various regional characteristics.

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Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Administrative Sciences.

Volume (Year): 5 (2015)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 1-27

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Handle: RePEc:gam:jadmsc:v:5:y:2015:i:4:p:213-239:d:58214
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  1. Okubo, Toshihiro & Tomiura, Eiichi, 2012. "Industrial relocation policy, productivity and heterogeneous plants: Evidence from Japan," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 230-239.
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  3. Rolf Sternberg & Matthias Kiese & Dennis Stockinger, 2010. "Cluster Policies in the US and Germany: Varieties of Capitalism Perspective on Two High-Tech States," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 28(6), pages 1063-1082, December.
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  5. Dirk Engel & Timo Mitze & Roberto Patuelli & Janina Reinkowski, 2013. "Does Cluster Policy Trigger R&D Activity? Evidence from German Biotech Contests," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(11), pages 1735-1759, November.
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  7. Junichi Nishimura & Hiroyuki Okamuro, 2011. "R&D productivity and the organization of cluster policy: an empirical evaluation of the Industrial Cluster Project in Japan," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 117-144, April.
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  10. Nishimura, Junichi & Okamuro, Hiroyuki, 2011. "Subsidy and networking: The effects of direct and indirect support programs of the cluster policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 714-727, June.
  11. Lionel Fontagné & Pamina Koenig & Florian Mayneris & Sandra Poncet, 2013. "Cluster Policies And Firm Selection: Evidence From France," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(5), pages 897-922, December.
  12. Fromhold-Eisebith, Martina & Eisebith, Gunter, 2005. "How to institutionalize innovative clusters? Comparing explicit top-down and implicit bottom-up approaches," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1250-1268, October.
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  14. Michele Coletti, 2010. "Technology and industrial clusters: how different are they to manage?," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(9), pages 679-688, November.
  15. Rolf Sternberg & Matthias Kiese & Dennis Stockinger, 2010. "Cluster policies in the US and Germany: varieties of capitalism perspective on two high-tech states," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(6), pages 1063-1082, December.
  16. Christian Longhi & Sylvie Rochhia, 2013. "Cluster policy for innovation and competitiveness. Lessons from the French experience," Post-Print halshs-00857965, HAL.
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  18. Cecile regstdpy & Jean-Alain Heraud & Beth Perry, 2007. "Multi-level Governance, Regions and Science in France: Between Competition and Equality," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(8), pages 1069-1084.
  19. Dohse, Dirk, 2000. "Technology policy and the regions -- the case of the BioRegio contest," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1111-1133, December.
  20. Duranton, Gilles & Martin, Philippe & Mayer, Thierry & Mayneris, Florian, 2010. "The Economics of Clusters: Lessons from the French Experience," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199592203.
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