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Constructing Regional Advantage: Platform Policies Based on Related Variety and Differentiated Knowledge Bases

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  • Bjørn Asheim
  • Ron Boschma
  • Philip Cooke

Abstract

Asheim B. T., Boschma R. and Cooke P. Constructing regional advantage: platform policies based on related variety and differentiated knowledge bases, Regional Studies. This paper presents a regional innovation policy model based on the idea of constructing regional advantage. This policy model brings together concepts like related variety, knowledge bases and policy platforms. Related variety attaches importance to knowledge spillovers across complementary sectors. The paper categorizes knowledge into 'analytical' (science based), 'synthetic' (engineering based) and 'symbolic' (arts based) in nature, with different requirements of 'virtual' and real proximity mixes. The implications of this are traced for evolving 'platform policies' that facilitate economic development within and between regions in action lines appropriate to incorporate the basic principles behind related variety and differentiated knowledge bases. Asheim B. T., Boschma R. and Cooke P. 构建区域优势:基于相关多样性以及不同知识基础的平台政策, 区域研究。 本文展示了基于构建区域优势这一理念的区域创新政策模型。 本政策模型整合了相关多样性、知识基础以及政策平台等概念。相对多样性概念强调 了相互补充的部门间知识外溢存在的重要性。本文按知识的性质将其分类为:分析性 (以科学为基础)、先验性(以工程为基础)以及象征性(以艺术为基础),不同类 别的知识对于“真实&# x201d;有着不同的要求。文章考察了上述分类对于“平台政策”演进 的影响,平台政策有助于整合相关多样性和不同知识基础背后的基本原则,以此辅助 区域内外协同发展。 相关多样性 不同知识基础 区域创新政策 区域(衍 生)分支 Asheim B. T., Boschma R. et Cooke P. L'etablissement de l'avantage regional: une plate-forme economique fondee sur la variete liee et des bases de connaissance differenciee, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a presenter un modele de la politique en faveur de l'innovation regionale fondee sur la notion de l'etablissement de l'avantage regional. Cette politique reunit des notions telles la variete liee, les bases de connaissance, et des plates-formes economiques. La variete attache de l'importance aux retombees de connaissance a travers des secteurs complementaires. L'article classe la connaissance, par nature, sous les rubriques 'analytique' (fondee sur la science), 'synthetique' (fondee sur l'ingenierie) et 'symbolique' (fondee sur les arts), y compris des besoins differents pour les melanges de proximites 'virtuelle' et reelle. On en esquisse les implications quant aux 'plates-formes economiques'qui facilitent le developpement economique sur les plans intra et interregionaux a partir des actions appropriees aux principes qui etayent la variete liee et les bases de connaissance differenciee. Variete liee Bases de connaissance differenciee Plate-forme Politique en faveur de l'innovation regionale Ramification regionale Asheim B. T., Boschma R. und Cooke P. Aufbau eines regionalen Vorteils: Plattform-Politiken auf der Grundlage von verwandter Varietat und differenzierten Wissensbasen, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird ein Modell fur regionale Innovationspolitik auf der Grundlage der Idee des Aufbaus eines regionalen Vorteils vorgestellt. In diesem politischen Modell werden unter anderem Konzepte von verwandter Varietat, Wissensbasen und politischen Plattformen miteinander kombiniert. Bei der verwandten Varietat wird der Wissensubertragung zwischen komplementaren Sektoren Bedeutung beigemessen. In diesem Beitrag teilen wir Wissen je nach seiner Beschaffenheit in die Kategorien 'analytisch' (wissenschaftsbasiert), 'snythetisch' (technikbasiert) und 'symbolisch' (kunstbasiert) ein, wobei an Mischungen von 'virtueller' und echter Nahe unterschiedliche Anforderungen gestellt werden. Wir untersuchen die Auswirkungen auf die Entstehung von 'Plattform-Politiken', die eine Wirtschaftsentwicklung innerhalb und zwischen den Regionen begunstigen, durch eine Abbildung als Aktionslinien, mit denen die Grundprinzipien der verwandten Varietat und der differenzierten Wissensbasen angemessen berucksichtigt werden. Verwandte Varietat Differenzierte Wissensbasen Plattform-Politik Regionale Innovationspolitik Regionale Branchenbildung Asheim B. T., Boschma R. y Cooke P. La construccion de una ventaja regional: politicas de plataforma basadas en la variedad relacionada y las bases de conocimiento diferenciado, Regional Studies. En este articulo presentamos un modelo de politica de innovacion regional basado en la idea de crear una ventaja regional. En este modelo politico se combinan conceptos tales como la variedad relacionada, las bases de conocimiento y las plataformas politicas. La variedad relacionada resalta la importancia de los desbordamientos de conocimiento en los sectores complementarios. En este articulo describimos el conocimiento segun su naturaleza en las categorias de modelo 'analitico' (basado en la ciencia), 'sintetico' (basado en la ingenieria) y 'simbolico' (basado en las artes), con combinaciones de proximidad 'virtuales' y reales segun diferentes requisitos. Exploramos las repercusiones en la creacion de 'politicas de plataforma' que facilitan el desarrollo economico dentro de las regiones y entre ellas, mediante lineas de accion apropiadas con la finalidad de incorporar los principios basicos de la variedad relacionada y las bases de conocimiento diferenciado. Variedad relacionada Bases de conocimiento diferenciado Politica de plataforma Politica de innovacion regional 'Ramificacion regional

Suggested Citation

  • Bjørn Asheim & Ron Boschma & Philip Cooke, 2011. "Constructing Regional Advantage: Platform Policies Based on Related Variety and Differentiated Knowledge Bases," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(7), pages 893-904.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:893-904
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.543126
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ricardo Hausmann & Bailey Klinger, 2007. "The Structure of the Product Space and the Evolution of Comparative Advantage," CID Working Papers 146, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    2. Edward Lorenz & B.-A. Lundvall, 2006. "How Europe's Economies Learn," Post-Print halshs-00483659, HAL.
    3. Boschma, Ron A., 1999. "The rise of clusters of innovative industries in Belgium during the industrial epoch," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 853-871, November.
    4. Asheim, Bjorn T. & Coenen, Lars, 2005. "Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: Comparing Nordic clusters," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1173-1190, October.
    5. Jensen, Morten Berg & Johnson, Bjorn & Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt Ake, 2007. "Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 680-693, June.
    6. Jan G. Lambooy & Ron A. Boschma, 2001. "Evolutionary economics and regional policy," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 35(1), pages 113-131.
    7. Frank Neffke & Martin Henning & Ron Boschma, 2011. "How Do Regions Diversify over Time? Industry Relatedness and the Development of New Growth Paths in Regions," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 87(3), pages 237-265, July.
    8. Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt-Ake (ed.), 2006. "How Europe's Economies Learn: Coordinating Competing Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199203192.
    9. Elisa Giuliani, 2005. "The Structure of Cluster Knowledge Networks Uneven, not Pervasive and Collective," DRUID Working Papers 05-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    10. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
    11. Ron Boschma, 2004. "Competitiveness of Regions from an Evolutionary Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(9), pages 1001-1014.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Related variety; Differentiated knowledge bases; Platform policy; Regional innovation policy; Regional branching;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary; Modern Monetary Theory;

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