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Cluster-Based Technology Policy—The German Experience



The German Federal Government has undertaken a series of particularly interesting policy experiments in the field of technology policy in recent years, a major policy innovation being the explicit recognition of regional clustering aspects in federal support programmes. The paper provides a categorization and assessment of these policy experiments and tries to shed some new light on two fundamental policy questions that are important beyond the German context: (i) can clusters be built by national government policy action? and (ii) is regionalization of technology policy a suitable means of achieving goals at the national level? We find that utilizing the regional level to boost national innovation and competitiveness can—under certain conditions explicated in the paper—indeed be seen as a promising means of achieving national goals. More specifically, we find that InnoRegio type programmes might be particularly useful in regions with distinctive structural problems such as the Central and Eastern European countries, whereas BioRegio type models might be a suitable means of policy-making at the level of the European Union.

Suggested Citation

  • Dirk Dohse, 2007. "Cluster-Based Technology Policy—The German Experience," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 69-94.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:14:y:2007:i:1:p:69-94
    DOI: 10.1080/13662710601130848

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    Cited by:

    1. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Developing Economies with Industrial Policy: Towards a Toolbox for Economic Growth. With Case Studies of Jordan and Egypt," MPRA Paper 43857, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
    2. Hüsing, Bärbel & Stahlecker, Thomas, 2009. "The impact of regionalised RTDI policy measures in Germany: the Network RNA Technologies Berlin (RiNA) as an example," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R5/2009, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
    3. Giovanni Covi, 2016. "Local Systems’ Strategies Copying with Globalization: Collective Local Entrepreneurship," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(2), pages 513-525, June.
    4. Matthias Kiese, 2010. "Policy Transfer and Institutional Learning: An Evolutionary Perspective on Regional Cluster Policies in Germany," Chapters,in: Emerging Clusters, chapter 13 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Clusterwettbewerbe: Eine Option für Entwicklungsländer?
      [Cluster competitions: An option for developing countries?]
      ," MPRA Paper 40743, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. repec:spr:jahrfr:v:37:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10037-017-0117-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dirk Fornahl & Sebastian Henn & Max-Peter Menzel (ed.), 2010. "Emerging Clusters," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13533.
    8. Masiliunas, Aidas & Mengel, Friederike & Reiss, J. Philipp, 2014. "Behavioral variation in Tullock contests," Working Paper Series in Economics 55, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Business Engineering.
    9. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Cluster policy in developing countries," MPRA Paper 44257, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Dohse, Dirk & Staehler, Tanja, 2008. "BioRegio, BioProfile and the rise of the German biotech industry," Kiel Working Papers 1456, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    11. Fuchs, Gerhard & Wassermann, Sandra, 2012. "Organising a market: Photovoltaics in Germany," Research Contributions to Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies, SOI Discussion Papers 2012-01, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Social Sciences, Department of Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies.
    12. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "How to Save Greece? A Menu for Rebuilding the Greek Economy through Industrial Policy," MPRA Paper 40748, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Okamuro, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Junichi, 2011. "Management of Cluster Policies: Case Studies of Japanese, German, and French Bio-clusters," CEI Working Paper Series 2011-7, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    14. Max-Peter Menzel, 2010. "Sources of ‘Second Generation Growth’: Spin-off Processes in the Emerging Biochip Industries in Jena and Berlin," Chapters,in: Emerging Clusters, chapter 10 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Toni Ahlqvist, 2014. "Building Innovation Excellence of World Class: The Cluster as an Instrument of Spatial Governance in the European Union," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(5), pages 1712-1731, September.
    16. Dohse, Dirk & Ott, Ingrid, 2014. "Heterogenous skills, growth and convergence," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 52-67.
    17. Alecke, Björn & Breitfuss, Marija & Cremer, Wolfram & Hartmann, Christian & Lageman, Bernhard & Mitze, Timo & Peistrup, Matthias & Ploder, Michael & Rappen, Hermann & Rothgang, Michael, 2011. "Föderalismus und Forschungs- und Innovationspolitik: Bericht des Konsortiums "Föderalismus und Forschungs- und Innovationspolitik"," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 11-2011, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.


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