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Capital and liquidity buffers and the resilience of the banking system in the euro area

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  • Budnik, Katarzyna
  • Bochmann, Paul

Abstract

How do capital and liquidity buffers affect the evolution of bank loans in periods of financial and economic distress? To answer this question we study the responses of 219 individual banks to aggregate demand, standard and unconventional monetary policy shocks in the euro area between 2007 and 2015. Banks’ responses are derived from a factor-augmented VAR, which relates macroeconomic aggregates to individual bank balance sheet items and interest rates. We find that banks with high capital and liquidity buffers show a more muted response in their lending to adverse real economy shocks. Capital and liquidity buffers also affect bank responses to monetary policy shocks. High bank capitalisation reduces the degree to which banks increase the average duration of loans to the non-financial corporate sector, while high bank liquidity strengthens the positive response to policy easing of both longand short-term loans to the non-financial corporate sector. The latter findings substantiate the relevance of interactions between prudential controls and monetary policy. JEL Classification: E51, E52, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Budnik, Katarzyna & Bochmann, Paul, 2017. "Capital and liquidity buffers and the resilience of the banking system in the euro area," Working Paper Series 2120, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20172120
    Note: 1355359
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Budnik, Katarzyna & Dimitrov, Ivan & Groß, Johannes & Jančoková, Martina & Lampe, Max & Sorvillo, Bianca & Stular, Anze & Volk, Matjaz, 2021. "Policies in support of lending following the coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic," Occasional Paper Series 257, European Central Bank.
    2. Valerio Paolo Vacca & Fabian Bichlmeier & Paolo Biraschi & Natalie Boschi & Antonio J. Bravo Alvarez & Luciano Di Primio & André Ebner & Silvia Hoeretzeder & Elisa Llorente Ballesteros & Claudia Mian, 2021. "Measuring the impact of a bank failure on the real economy. An EU-wide analytical framework," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 626, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Budnik, Katarzyna & Rünstler, Gerhard, 2020. "Identifying SVARs from sparse narrative instruments: dynamic effects of U.S. macroprudential policies," Working Paper Series 2353, European Central Bank.
    4. Björn Imbierowicz & Axel Löffler & Ursula Vogel, 2021. "The transmission of bank capital requirements and monetary policy to bank lending in Germany," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 144-164, February.
    5. Albertazzi, Ugo & Barbiero, Francesca & Marqués-Ibáñez, David & Popov, Alexander & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2020. "Monetary policy and bank stability: the analytical toolbox reviewed," Working Paper Series 2377, European Central Bank.
    6. Budnik, Katarzyna, 2020. "The effect of macroprudential policies on credit developments in Europe 1995-2017," Working Paper Series 2462, European Central Bank.
    7. Imbierowicz, Björn & Löffler, Axel & Vogel, Ursula, 2019. "The transmission of bank capital requirements and monetary policy to bank lending," Discussion Papers 49/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital requirements; liquidity requirements; macroprudential policy; monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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