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The Transmission Mechanism Of Credit Support Policies In The Euro Area

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  • Jef Boeckx
  • Maite De Sola Perea
  • Gert Peersman

Abstract

We use an original monthly dataset of 131 individual euro area banks to examine the effectiveness and transmission mechanism of the Eurosystem’s credit support policies since the start of the crisis. First, we show that these policies have indeed been succesful in stimulating the credit flow of banks to the private sector. Second, we find support for the "bank lending view" of monetary transmission. Specifically, the policies have had a greater impact on loan supply of banks that are more constrained to obtain unsecured external funding, i.e. small banks (size effect), banks with less liquid balance sheets (liquidity effect), banks that depend more on wholesale funding (retail effect) and low-capitalized banks (capital e ffect). The role of bank capital is,however, ambiguous. Besides the above favorable direct effect on loan supply, lower levels of bank capitalization at the same time mitigate the size, retail and liquidit effects of the policies. The drag on the other channels has even been dominant during the sample period, i.e. better capitalized banks have on average responded more to the credit support policies of the Eurosystem as a result of more favourable size, retail and liquidity effects.

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  • Jef Boeckx & Maite De Sola Perea & Gert Peersman, 2016. "The Transmission Mechanism Of Credit Support Policies In The Euro Area," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 16/926, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:rug:rugwps:16/926
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    9. Altavilla, Carlo & Lemke, Wolfgang & Linzert, Tobias & Tapking, Jens & von Landesberger, Julian, 2021. "Assessing the efficacy, efficiency and potential side effects of the ECB’s monetary policy instruments since 2014," Occasional Paper Series 278, European Central Bank.
    10. Altavilla, Carlo & Barbiero, Francesca & Boucinha, Miguel & Burlon, Lorenzo, 2020. "The Great Lockdown: pandemic response policies and bank lending conditions," CEPR Discussion Papers 15298, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Laine, Olli-Matti, 2019. "The effect of TLTRO-II on bank lending," Research Discussion Papers 7/2019, Bank of Finland.
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    14. Boris Hofmann & Anamaria Illes & Marco Jacopo Lombardi & Paul Mizen, 2020. "The impact of unconventional monetary policies on retail lending and deposit rates in the euro area," BIS Working Papers 850, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. Altavilla, Carlo & C. Andreeva, Desislava & Boucinha, Miguel & Holton, Sarah, 2019. "Monetary policy, credit institutions and the bank lending channel in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 222, European Central Bank.
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    18. R. Wouters, 2016. "The transmission mechanism of new and traditional instruments of monetary and macroprudential policy," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 105-117, December.
    19. Joost Bats & Tom Hudepohl, 2019. "Impact of targeted credit easing by the ECB: Bank-level evidence," DNB Working Papers 631, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    20. Altavilla, Carlo & Canova, Fabio & Ciccarelli, Matteo, 2020. "Mending the broken link: Heterogeneous bank lending rates and monetary policy pass-through," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 81-98.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    unconventional monetary policy; bank lending; monetary transmission mechanism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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