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Mending the broken link: heterogeneous bank lending and monetary policy pass-through

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  • Altavilla, Carlo
  • Canova, Fabio
  • Ciccarelli, Matteo

Abstract

We analyse the pass-through of monetary policy measures to lending rates to firms and households in the euro area using a unique bank-level dataset. Bank balance sheet characteristics such as the capital ratio and the exposure to sovereign debt are responsible for the heterogeneity of pass-through of conventional monetary policy changes. The location of a bank is instead irrelevant. Non-standard measures normalized the capacity of banks to grant loans resulting in a significant compression in lending rates. Banks with a high level of non-performing loans and a low capital ratio were the most responsive to the measures. Finally, we quantify the effects of non-standard policies on the real economic activity using a standard macroeconomic model and find that in absence of these measures both inflation and output would have been significantly lower. JEL Classification: C3, E4, E5, G2

Suggested Citation

  • Altavilla, Carlo & Canova, Fabio & Ciccarelli, Matteo, 2016. "Mending the broken link: heterogeneous bank lending and monetary policy pass-through," Working Paper Series 1978, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20161978
    Note: 2279334
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank balance sheet characteristics; monetary policy pass-through;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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