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Monetary policy, credit institutions and the bank lending channel in the euro area

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  • Altavilla, Carlo
  • C. Andreeva, Desislava
  • Boucinha, Miguel
  • Holton, Sarah

Abstract

As the euro area has a predominantly bank-based financial system, changes in the composition and strength of banks’ balance sheets can have very sizeable implications for the transmission of monetary policy. This paper provides an overview of developments in banks’ balance sheets, profitability and risk-bearing capacity and analyses their relevance for monetary policy. We show that, while the transmission of standard policy interest rate cuts to firms and households was diminished during the crisis, in a context of financial market stress and weak bank balance sheets, unconventional monetary policy measures have helped to restore monetary policy transmission and pass-through to interest rates. We also document the extent to which these non-standard measures were successful in stimulating lending and which bank business models were more strongly affected. Finally, we show that the estimated impact of recent monetary policy measures on bank profitability does not appear to be particularly strong when all the effects on the macroeconomy and asset quality are taken into account JEL Classification: E4, E43, E5, E52, G20, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Altavilla, Carlo & C. Andreeva, Desislava & Boucinha, Miguel & Holton, Sarah, 2019. "Monetary policy, credit institutions and the bank lending channel in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 222, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:2019222
    Note: 2279334
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jung, Alexander, 2020. "An empirical analysis of loan supply and demand in the euro area," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 187-201.
    2. Philipp Hartman & Frank Smets, 2018. "The European Central Bank’s Monetary Policy during Its First 20 Years," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 49(2 (Fall)), pages 1-146.
    3. Boucinha, Miguel & Burlon, Lorenzo & Corsi, Marco & della Valle, Guido & Eisenschmidt, Jens & Pool, Sebastiaan & Schumacher, Julian & Vergote, Olivier & Marmara, Iwona, 2022. "Two-tier system for remunerating excess reserve holdings," Occasional Paper Series 302, European Central Bank.
    4. Everett, Mary & McQuade, Peter & O’Grady, Michael, 2020. "Bank business models as a driver of cross-border activities," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    5. Cormac Cawley & Marie Finnegan, 2019. "Transmission Channels of Central Bank Asset Purchases in the Irish Economy," Economies, MDPI, vol. 7(4), pages 1-25, September.
    6. Vacca, Valerio Paolo & Bichlmeier, Fabian & Biraschi, Paolo & Boschi, Natalie & Álvarez, Antonio J. Bravo & Di Primio, Luciano & Ebner, André & Hoeretzeder, Silvia & Ballesteros, Elisa Llorente & Mian, 2021. "Measuring the impact of a bank failure on the real economy: an EU-wide analytical framework," ESRB Working Paper Series 122, European Systemic Risk Board.
    7. Albertazzi, Ugo & Barbiero, Francesca & Marqués-Ibáñez, David & Popov, Alexander & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2020. "Monetary policy and bank stability: the analytical toolbox reviewed," Working Paper Series 2377, European Central Bank.
    8. Christophe Blot & Fabien Labondance, 2021. "Beyond the Interest Rate Pass-through: Monetary Policy and Banks Interest Rates during the Effective Lower Bound," Working Papers 2021-03, CRESE.
    9. Nektarios A. Michail & Christos S. Savva & Demetris Koursaros, 2021. "Are central banks to blame? Monetary policy and bank lending behavior," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(4), pages 762-779, October.
    10. Iwanicz-Drozdowska, Małgorzata & Rogowicz, Karol, 2022. "Does the choice of monetary policy tool matter for systemic risk? The curious case of negative interest rates," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    11. Holm-Hadulla, Fédéric & Musso, Alberto & Rodriguez-Palenzuela, Diego & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2021. "Evolution of the ECB’s analytical framework," Occasional Paper Series 277, European Central Bank.
    12. Ms. Yingyuan Chen & Mr. John C Caparusso & Rohit Goel & Paul Hiebert & Mr. Peter Dattels, 2019. "Post-Crisis Changes in Global Bank Business Models: A New Taxonomy," IMF Working Papers 2019/295, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Mattia Girotti & Guillaume Horny, 2020. "Bank Equity Value and Loan Supply," Working papers 767, Banque de France.
    14. Tom Beernaert & Nicolas Soenen & Rudi Vander Vennet, 2022. "ECB Monetary Policy and the Term Structure of Bank Default Risk," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 22/1050, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    15. Behn, Markus & Schramm, Alexander, 2021. "The impact of G-SIB identification on bank lending: Evidence from syndicated loans," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    banks; credit; interest rates; monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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