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Banks’ external financing costs and the bank lending channel: Results from a SVAR analysis

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  • Breitenlechner, Max
  • Scharler, Johann
  • Sindermann, Friedrich

Abstract

We analyze the dynamic response of banks’ financing costs to structural, macroeconomic shocks, which we identify by imposing combinations of zero and sign restrictions on impulse responses. For the estimation we combine US bank balance sheet data from the Call reports with macroeconomic aggregates over the period from 1984Q1 to 2007Q3. We find that banks’ financing costs mainly respond to monetary policy and aggregate demand shocks. Furthermore, funding costs of undercapitalized and illiquid banks increase more strongly after a contractionary monetary policy shock as compared to better capitalized and more liquid banks. These results provide support for the view that banks’ financing costs represent an important element of the bank lending channel.

Suggested Citation

  • Breitenlechner, Max & Scharler, Johann & Sindermann, Friedrich, 2016. "Banks’ external financing costs and the bank lending channel: Results from a SVAR analysis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 228-246.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:26:y:2016:i:c:p:228-246
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2016.07.007
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    3. Aldasoro, Iñaki & Unger, Robert, 2017. "External financing and economic activity in the euro area: Why are bank loans special?," Discussion Papers 04/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    4. Victor Pontines, 2021. "The real effects of loan-to-value limits: empirical evidence from Korea," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(3), pages 1311-1350, September.
    5. Wei‐Shao Wu & Sandy Suardi, 2021. "Economic Uncertainty and Bank Lending," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 53(8), pages 2037-2069, December.
    6. Baumeister, Christiane & Hamilton, James D., 2021. "Reprint: Drawing conclusions from structural vector autoregressions identified on the basis of sign restrictions," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).
    7. Ozana Nadoveza Jelić & Rafael Ravnik, 2021. "Introducing Policy Analysis Croatian MAcroecoNometric Model (PACMAN)," Surveys 41, The Croatian National Bank, Croatia.
    8. Martin Mandler & Michael Scharnagl, 2020. "Bank loan supply shocks and alternative financing of non‐financial corporations in the euro area," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(S1), pages 126-150, September.
    9. Breitenlechner, Max & Scharler, Johann, 2021. "Monetary policy announcements and bank lending: Do banks’ refinancing markets matter?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 102(C).
    10. Baumeister, Christiane & Hamilton, James D., 2020. "Drawing conclusions from structural vector autoregressions identified on the basis of sign restrictions," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).
    11. Luigi Oddo & Mile Bosnjak, 2021. "A comparative analysis of the monetary policy transmission channels in the U.S: a wavelet-based approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(38), pages 4448-4463, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank lending channel; External finance premium; Structural vector autoregression; Sign restrictions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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