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Competition and the bank lending channel in Eurozone

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  • Leroy, Aurélien

Abstract

This paper examines how banks respond to the monetary policy of the European Central Bank (ECB) according to their characteristics and, in particular, to their market power, using banking micro-data from Eurozone countries over the period from 1999 to 2011. Our results suggest that banks with market power, which is proxied by the Lerner index, have a credit supply that is less sensitive to monetary policy shock. The market structures (aggregated measures) in which the banks operate have a similar effect. Therefore, increased competition enhances the effectiveness of monetary policy transmission through the bank lending channel. We find also that over the period from 2008 to 2011, this channel has been strengthened, nevertheless the negative effect of market power on monetary effectiveness has remained.

Suggested Citation

  • Leroy, Aurélien, 2014. "Competition and the bank lending channel in Eurozone," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 296-314.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:31:y:2014:i:c:p:296-314
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2014.04.003
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    5. Georgantopoulos, Andreas G. & Tsamis, Anastasios D. & Agoraki, Maria-Eleni K., 2015. "The Euro-adoption effect and the bank, market, and growth nexus: New evidence from EU panels," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 41-51.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank competition; Lerner index; Bank lending channel; European Monetary Union; Monetary policy transmission;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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