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European lending channel: differences in transmission mechanisms due to the global financial crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Tomáš Heryán

    (Department of Finance and Accounting, School of Business Administration, Silesian University)

  • Panayiotis G. Tzeremes

    (Department of Economics, University of Thessaly)

  • Roman Matousek

    (University of Kent, Kent Business School)

Abstract

This study focuses on the bank lending channels and transmission mechanisms of monetary policy in European Union (EU) countries. In accordance with previous empirical studies, we deploy the generalized method of moments (GMM) with pooled annual data. We examine the period from 1999 to 2012. We extend the current research on the transmission mechanisms of monetary policy in the following way: first, we compare the differences between the ‘old’ Economic Monetary Union (EMU) and ‘new’ EU countries. Second, we examine the interaction terms between bank characteristics and both monetary policy indicators. In particular, we examine the impact of short-term interest rates and monetary aggregate M2 on bank behaviour. Assuming a more obvious transmission mechanism, we argue that, in the group of ‘old’ EMU countries, the lending channel is affected by smaller banks that are less liquid or are strongly capitalized. For ‘new’ EU countries, we find similar results, i.e., the lending channel affects smaller banks. However, in terms of liquidity and capital adequacy and assuming a more obvious transmission mechanism, we find an opposing result. Those countries’ lending channel is affected by smaller banks with higher levels of liquidity and lower bank capital. Third, we describe how transmission mechanisms changed during the crises period.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomáš Heryán & Panayiotis G. Tzeremes & Roman Matousek, 2016. "European lending channel: differences in transmission mechanisms due to the global financial crisis," Working Papers 0027, Silesian University, School of Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:opa:wpaper:0027
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Heryán, Tomáš & Tzeremes, Panayiotis G., 2017. "The bank lending channel of monetary policy in EU countries during the global financial crisis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 10-22.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    lending channel; transmission mechanism; crisis times; old EMU and new EU countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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