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Heterogeneous bank lending responses to monetary policy: new evidence from a real-time identification

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  • John C. Bluedorn
  • Christopher Bowdler
  • Christoffer Koch

Abstract

We present new evidence on how heterogeneity in banks interacts with monetary policy changes to impact bank lending, at both the bank and U.S. state levels. Using an exogenous policy measure identified from narratives on FOMC intentions and real-time economic forecasts, we find much stronger dynamic effects and greater heterogeneity in U.S. bank lending responses than that found in previous research based on realized federal funds rate changes. Our findings suggest that studies using realized monetary policy changes confound monetary policy?s effects with those of changes in expected macrofundamentals. In fact, estimates from identified monetary policy changes lead to a reversal of U.S. states? ranking by credit?s sensitivity to policy. We also extend Romer and Romer (2004)?s identification scheme, and expand the time and balance sheet coverage of the U.S. banking sample.

Suggested Citation

  • John C. Bluedorn & Christopher Bowdler & Christoffer Koch, 2014. "Heterogeneous bank lending responses to monetary policy: new evidence from a real-time identification," Working Papers 1404, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:feddwp:1404
    DOI: 10.24149/wp1404
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    Cited by:

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    3. Ramos-Tallada, Julio, 2015. "Bank risks, monetary shocks and the credit channel in Brazil: Identification and evidence from panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 135-161.
    4. Carolina Ortega Londono, 2018. "Transmission of Monetary Policy and Bank Heterogeneity in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016792, Universidad EAFIT.
    5. Carolina Ortega Londono & Diego Restrepo, 2018. "Transmission of Monetary Policy and Bank Heterogeneity in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016987, Universidad EAFIT.
    6. Bordo, Michael D. & Duca, John V. & Koch, Christoffer, 2016. "Economic policy uncertainty and the credit channel: Aggregate and bank level U.S. evidence over several decades," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 90-106.
    7. Salmanov, Oleg & Zayernyuk, Victor & Lopatina, Olga, 1915. "An Analysis of the Impact of Monetary Policy on Bank Lending in Russia," MPRA Paper 112263, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Pavel S. Kapinos, 2021. "Monetary policy news and systemic risk at the zero lower bound," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(4), pages 4932-4945, October.
    9. Koch, Christoffer, 2015. "Deposit interest rate ceilings as credit supply shifters: Bank level evidence on the effects of Regulation Q," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 316-326.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary Transmission; Lending Channel; Monetary Policy Identification; Banking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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