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Capital regulation and bank lending

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  • Frederick T. Furlong

Abstract

Bank regulation in general and capital regulation in particular are widely perceived as having become stiffer in the 1990s. The stiffer regulatory environment in turn is argued to have curtailed bank lending. This article determines the extent to which capital standards changed in the 1990s and examines the relationship between capital positions and the bank lending. The empirical results suggest that capital standards did increase in the 1990s. The analysis also shows that bank loan growth rates are positively related to capital-to-assets ratios. Moreover, sensitivity of bank lending to capital positions appears to have increased in the 1990s. Regionally, capital regulation likely had the most pronounced. effect on bank lending in New England.

Suggested Citation

  • Frederick T. Furlong, 1992. "Capital regulation and bank lending," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 23-33.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfer:y:1992:p:23-33:n:3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Herbert Baer & John McElravey, 1992. "Capital adequacy and the growth of U.S. banks," Working Paper Series, Issues in Financial Regulation 92-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    2. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    3. Peek, Joe & Rosengren, Eric, 1995. "The Capital Crunch: Neither a Borrower nor a Lender Be," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(3), pages 625-638, August.
    4. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    5. Frederick T. Furlong, 1991. "Financial constraints and bank credit," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue may24.
    6. Ben S. Bernanke & Cara S. Lown, 1991. "The Credit Crunch," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 205-248.
    7. Elizabeth S. Laderman & Ronald H. Schmidt & Gary C. Zimmerman, 1991. "Location, branching, and bank portfolio diversification: the case of agricultural lending," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Win, pages 24-38.
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    Keywords

    Bank supervision ; Bank capital ; Bank loans;

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