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Out-of-town Home Buyers and City Welfare

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  • Favilukis, Jack
  • van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn

Abstract

The major cities of the world have attracted a flurry of out-of-town (OOT) home buyers. Such capital inflows affect housing affordability, the spatial distribution of residents, construction, labor income, wealth, and ultimately welfare. We develop a spatial equilibrium model of a city with substantial heterogeneity among residents. We calibrate the model to the New York and Vancouver metro areas. The observed increase in OOT purchases is associated with 1.1% (5.0%) higher house prices and a 0.1% (0.34%) welfare loss in New York (Vancouver). Taxing OOT buyers can turn welfare losses into gains when tax revenues finance a local public good.

Suggested Citation

  • Favilukis, Jack & van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn, 2017. "Out-of-town Home Buyers and City Welfare," CEPR Discussion Papers 12283, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12283
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Esteban Rossi-Hansberg & Pierre-Daniel Sarte & Raymond Owens, 2010. "Housing Externalities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 118(3), pages 485-535, June.
    2. Jan Eeckhout & Roberto Pinheiro & Kurt Schmidheiny, 2014. "Spatial Sorting," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 122(3), pages 554-620.
    3. Francisco Gomes & Alexander Michaelides, 2008. "Asset Pricing with Limited Risk Sharing and Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 415-448, January.
    4. Anthony A. DeFusco & Charles G. Nathanson & Eric Zwick, 2017. "Speculative Dynamics of Prices and Volume," NBER Working Papers 23449, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Badarinza, Cristian & Ramadorai, Tarun & Shimizu, Chihiro, 2019. "Gravity, Counterparties, and Foreign Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 13491, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Somerville, Tsur & Wang, Long & Yang, Yang, 2020. "Using purchase restrictions to cool housing markets: A within-market analysis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    3. Lutz Kilian & Xiaoqing Zhou, 2018. "The Propagation of Regional Shocks in Housing Markets: Evidence from Oil Price Shocks in Canada," CESifo Working Paper Series 7005, CESifo.
    4. Bednarek, Peter & te Kaat, Daniel Marcel & Ma, Chang & Rebucci, Alessandro, 2019. "Capital flows, real estate, and local cycles: Evidence from German cities, banks, and firms," Discussion Papers 45/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Jonathan Bourne, 2019. "Empty homes: mapping the extent and value of low-use domestic property in England and Wales," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 5(1), pages 1-14, December.
    6. Zhimin Li & Leslie Sheng Shen & Calvin Zhang, 2020. "Capital Flows, Asset Prices, and the Real Economy: A "China Shock" in the U.S. Real Estate Market," International Finance Discussion Papers 1286, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Pangallo, Marco & Nadal, Jean-Pierre & Vignes, Annick, 2019. "Residential income segregation: A behavioral model of the housing market," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 15-35.
    8. Hilber, Christian A.L. & Schöni, Olivier, 2020. "On the economic impacts of constraining second home investments," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C).
    9. Damien Puy & Anil Ari & Yu Shi, 2020. "Foreign Demand and Local House Prices: Evidence from the US," IMF Working Papers 20/43, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Albert Solé-Ollé & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal & José Mª Durán-Cabré & Thomas Davidoff & Mariona Segú, 2018. "Tourism and Gentrification in Global Cities: Could Fiscal Policy be Useful? / Turismo y gentrificación en ciudades globales: ¿podría ser útil la política fiscal? / Turisme i gentrificació en ciutats g," IEB Reports ieb_report_2_2018, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    affordable housing; Dynamic spatial equilibrium; foreign investors; Gentrification; House Prices; property taxes;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies

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