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Norwegian Rhapsody? The Political Economy Benefits of Regional Integration

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  • Campos, Nauro F
  • Coricelli, Fabrizio
  • Moretti, Luigi

Abstract

This paper investigates whether joint economic and political integration leads to larger economic benefits than just economic integration. The identification strategy rests on the fact that Norway, at the time of the 1995 Enlargement of the European Union (EU), had successfully completed negotiations and fulfilled all accession requirements, taken membership in the European Economic Area (with full access to the Single Market), but decided in a referendum to reject full-fledged EU membership. Using the differences-in-differences and synthetic control methods with regional data, we find substantial politically driven economic benefits from EU membership: if Norway had joined the EU in 1995, productivity levels between 1995 and 2001 would have been 6% higher on average.

Suggested Citation

  • Campos, Nauro F & Coricelli, Fabrizio & Moretti, Luigi, 2015. "Norwegian Rhapsody? The Political Economy Benefits of Regional Integration," CEPR Discussion Papers 10653, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10653
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    Cited by:

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    2. Randolph Bruno & Nauro Campos & Saul Estrin & Meng Tian, 2017. "Economic Integration, Foreign Investment and International Trade: The Effects of Membership of the European Union," CEP Discussion Papers dp1518, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    3. Erdey, László & Gáll, József & Márkus, Ádám & Tőkés, Tibor, 2020. "Changes in the trade patterns of the UK in a global perspective," MPRA Paper 98110, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Jan 2020.
    4. John Van Reenen, 2016. "Brexit's Long-Run Effects on the U.K. Economy," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 47(2 (Fall)), pages 367-383.
    5. Jan Fidrmuc & Martin Hulényi & Cigdem Börke Tunali, 2016. "Money Can't Buy EU Love: European Funds and the Brexit Referendum," CESifo Working Paper Series 6107, CESifo.
    6. Polyzos, Stathis & Samitas, Aristeidis & Katsaiti, Marina-Selini, 2020. "Who is unhappy for Brexit? A machine-learning, agent-based study on financial instability," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    7. Marin Opritescu & Mircea Perpelea, 2016. "Europe after BREXIT: Shades and Penumbra," Finante - provocarile viitorului (Finance - Challenges of the Future), University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 1(18), pages 21-23, November.
    8. Stoupos, Nikolaos & Kiohos, Apostolos, 2019. "Scandinavia: Towards the European Monetary Union?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 278-291.
    9. Bolea, Lucía & Duarte, Rosa & Hewings, Geoffrey J.D. & Sánchez-Chóliz, Julio, 2021. "Disintegration scenarios in the European Union: A case study of Eastern European economies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 1-12.
    10. Balli, Faruk & Pericoli, Filippo M. & Pierucci, Eleonora, 2018. "Globalization and international risk-sharing: The role of social and political integration," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 324-345.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Union; labor productivity; political economy benefits; regional data; synthetic counterfactual method;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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