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Growth and European Integration: Towards an Empirical Assessment

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  • Baldwin, Richard
  • Seghezza, Elena

Abstract

Broadly speaking, European integration affects growth by stimulating the accumulation of physical capital and/or knowledge capital (i.e. technology). This paper surveys existing empirical work on integration and growth concluding that there is strong evidence that trade liberalization promotes growth by boosting investment in physical capital. Because European integration has substantially liberalized European trade, we conclude that it has promoted European growth. We find much less econometric support for trade-induced technology-led growth. Nonetheless cross-country data reveals a rough correlation between the national total factor productivity growth rates and the degree (and duration) of European integration. Our exploratory regressions into this phenomenon prove inconclusive, but we suggest several directions for future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, Richard & Seghezza, Elena, 1996. "Growth and European Integration: Towards an Empirical Assessment," CEPR Discussion Papers 1393, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1393
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Integration; Growth and Trade; Trade-induced Investment-led Growth;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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