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The Econometrics of Oil Market VAR Models

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  • Lutz Kilian
  • Xiaoqing Zhou

Abstract

Oil market VAR models have become the standard tool for understanding the evolution of the real price of oil and its impact in the macro economy. As this literature has expanded at a rapid pace, it has become increasingly difficult for mainstream economists to understand the differences between alternative oil market models, let alone the basis for the sometimes divergent conclusions reached in the literature. The purpose of this survey is to provide a guide to this literature. Our focus is on the econometric foundations of the analysis of oil market models with special attention to the identifying assumptions and methods of inference. We not only explain how the workhorse models in this literature have evolved, but also examine alternative oil market VAR models. We help the reader understand why the latter models sometimes generated unconventional, puzzling or erroneous conclusions. Finally, we discuss the construction of extraneous measures of oil demand and oil supply shocks that have been used as external or internal instruments for VAR models.

Suggested Citation

  • Lutz Kilian & Xiaoqing Zhou, 2020. "The Econometrics of Oil Market VAR Models," CESifo Working Paper Series 8153, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_8153
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    1. Mohammed, Mikidadu & Barrales-Ruiz, Jose A., 2020. "Pandemics and Oil Shocks," EconStor Preprints 222268, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    2. Baumeister, Christiane & Hamilton, James, 2020. "Advances in Structural Vector Autoregressions with Imperfect Identifying Information," CEPR Discussion Papers 14603, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Lomonosov, Daniil & Polbin, Andrey & Fokin, Nikita, 2020. "Влияние Шоков Мировой Деловой Активности, Предложения Нефти И Спекулятивных Нефтяных Шоков На Экономику Рф [The impact of global economic activity, oil supply and speculative oil shocks on the Russ," MPRA Paper 106019, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mirko Abbritti & Juan Equiza-Goñi & Fernando Perez Gracia & Tommaso Trani, 0. "The effect of oil price shocks on economic activity: a local projections approach," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 0, pages 1-16.
    5. Cross, Jamie L. & Hou, Chenghan & Nguyen, Bao H., 2021. "On the China factor in the world oil market: A regime switching approach11We thank Hilde Bjørnland, Tatsuyoshi Okimoto, Ippei Fujiwara, Knut Aastveit, Leif Anders Thorsrud, Francesco Ravazzolo, Renee ," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C).
    6. Daniil Lomonosov & Andrey Polbin & Nikita Fokin, 2021. "The Impact of Global Economic Activity, Oil Supply and Speculative Oil Shocks on the Russian Economy," HSE Economic Journal, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 25(2), pages 227-262.
    7. Mirko Abbritti & Juan Equiza-Goñi & Fernando Perez Gracia & Tommaso Trani, 2020. "The effect of oil price shocks on economic activity: a local projections approach," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 44(4), pages 708-723, October.
    8. Ederington, Louis H. & Fernando, Chitru S. & Lee, Thomas K. & Linn, Scott C. & Zhang, Huiming, 2021. "The relation between petroleum product prices and crude oil prices," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    identification; model specification; elasticity; Bayesian estimation; structural VAR; instruments; textual analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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