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Global exchange rate configurations: Do oil shocks matter?

Author

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  • Stracca, Livio
  • Habib, Maurizio Michael
  • Buetzer, Sascha

Abstract

Do oil shocks matter for exchange rates? This paper addresses this question based on data on real and nominal exchange rates as well as an exchange market pressure index for 44 advanced and emerging countries. We identify three structural shocks (oil supply, global demand, and oil specific demand) which raise the real oil price and analyse their effect on individual exchange rates. Contrary to the predictions of the theoretical literature, we find no evidence that exchange rates of oil exporters systematically appreciate against those of oil importers after shocks raising the real oil price. However, oil exporters experience significant appreciation pressures following an oil demand shock, which they tend to counter by accumulating foreign exchange reserves. Results for general commodity exporters are similar, showing minor differences compared with oil exporters. JEL Classification: F31, Q43

Suggested Citation

  • Stracca, Livio & Habib, Maurizio Michael & Buetzer, Sascha, 2012. "Global exchange rate configurations: Do oil shocks matter?," Working Paper Series 1442, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20121442
    Note: 335958
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange market pressure; exchange rate; global imbalances; Oil; structural VAR;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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