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Exchange Rate Pass-Through and Credit Constraints: Firms Price to Market as Long as They Can

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  • Georg H. Strasser

    () (Department of Economics, Boston College)

Abstract

The macroeconomic evidence on the short-term impact of exchange rates on exports and prices is notoriously weak. In this paper I examine the micro-foundations of this disconnect by looking at firms' export and price setting decisions in response to fluctuations in exchange rates and credit conditions using German firm survey data. Firm- level data on pricing and export expectations enables me to measure the instantaneous response of each firm to changing financial constraints and the EUR/USD exchange rate, which avoids endogeneity issues. I find that primarily large firms cause the exchange rate "puzzles" in aggregate data. The exchange rate disconnect disappears for financially constrained firms. For these firms, the pass-through rate of exchange rate changes to prices is more than twice the rate of unconstrained firms. Similarly, their export volumes are about twice as sensitive to exchange rate fluctuations. Credit therefore affects not only exports via trade finance, but also international relative prices by constraining the scope of feasible pricing policies. The effect of borrowing constraints is particularly strong during the recent financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Georg H. Strasser, 2011. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through and Credit Constraints: Firms Price to Market as Long as They Can," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 788, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 13 Feb 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:788
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    Cited by:

    1. Sarah Guillou & Stefano Schiavo, 2014. "Exchange rate exposure under liquidity constraints," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(6), pages 1541-1561.
    2. Balleer, Almut & Hristov, Nikolay & Menno, Dominik, 2017. "Financial Constraints and Nominal Price Rigidities," CEPR Discussion Papers 11790, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Yao Amber Li & Carol Zhao Chen, 2015. "Forward-Looking Exporters and Exchange Rate Pass-Through: A Micro-Level Investigation," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2015-28, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Jul 2015.
    4. Olivier de Bandt & Tovonony Razafindrabe, 2014. "Exchange rate pass-through to import prices in the Euro-area: A multi-currency investigation," International Economics, CEPII research center, issue 138, pages 63-77.
    5. Yao Amber Li & Chen Carol Zhao, 2016. "Price Adjustment to Exchange Rates and Forward-looking Exporters: Evidence from USA–China Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 1023-1049, November.
    6. repec:cje:issued:v:50:y:2017:i:4:p:1130-1160 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Strasser, Georg, 2013. "Exchange rate pass-through and credit constraints," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 25-38.
    8. Eyal Dvir & Georg H. Strasser, 2013. "Does Marketing Widen Borders? Cross-Country Price Dispersion in the European Car Market," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 831, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 04 Apr 2014.
    9. Angelo Secchi & Federico Tamagni & Chiara Tomasi, 2016. "Export price adjustments under financial constraints," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 49(3), pages 1057-1085, August.
    10. Mauro Caselli & Arpita Chatterjee & Alan Woodland, 2017. "Multi-product exporters, variable markups and exchange rate fluctuations," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(4), pages 1130-1160, November.
    11. Chen, Natalie & Juvenal, Luciana, 2016. "Quality, trade, and exchange rate pass-through," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 61-80.
    12. Rouillard, Jean-François, 2018. "International risk sharing and financial shocks," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 26-44.
    13. Almut Balleer & Nikolay Hristov & Dominik Menno, 2017. "Financial Constraints and Nominal Price Rigidities," CESifo Working Paper Series 6309, CESifo Group Munich.
    14. Kosaka, Michiru Sakane, 2014. "Financial constraints, firm entry, and exchange rate pass-through," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(1), pages 143-147.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rate pass-through; exchange rate disconnect; financing constraints; pricing to market; exports; credit crunch; trade collapse; law of one price; trade finance;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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