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"Natural hedging" of exchange rate risk: The role of imported input prices

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  • Fauceglia, Dario
  • Shingal, Anirudh
  • Wermelinger, Martin

Abstract

Using disaggregated quarterly trade data for Switzerland over 2004-2011, we study exchange rate pass through (ERPT) into imported intermediate input prices and its role in the price setting behaviour of exporters. We explicitly include disaggregated proxies for imported input prices in our analyses to investigate whether Swiss ex-porters may have “naturally hedged” exchange rate risks by sourcing inputs from abroad, especially during periods of strong CHF appreciation. Our results indicate high ERPT into imported input prices in all sectors and strong sectoral ERPT heterogeneity on the export side in both the short and long-run. They also suggest the use of “natural hedging” as an effective strategy to reduce exchange rate risks. Significantly however, Swiss exporters may not have adjusted export pricing practice in response to a strong CHF in the wake of the Euro crisis, which questions central bank intervention during that period.

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  • Fauceglia, Dario & Shingal, Anirudh & Wermelinger, Martin, 2012. ""Natural hedging" of exchange rate risk: The role of imported input prices," MPRA Paper 39438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39438
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    Cited by:

    1. Mary Amiti & Oleg Itskhoki & Jozef Konings, 2014. "Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(7), pages 1942-1978, July.
    2. JaeBin Ahn & Chang-Gui Park, 2014. "Imported-Inputs Channel of Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Evidence from Korean Firm-Level Pricing Survey," Working Papers 2014-11, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    3. Auer, Raphael A. & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2014. "Trade linkages and the globalisation of inflation in Asia and the Pacific," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(PA), pages 129-151.
    4. Tscheke, Jan, 2016. "Operational Hedging of Exchange Rate Risks," Discussion Papers in Economics 30227, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    5. Boris Kaiser & Michael Siegenthaler, 2016. "The Skill‐biased Effects of Exchange Rate Fluctuations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0(592), pages 756-780, May.
    6. Daniel Kaufmann & Tobias Renkin, 2019. "Export Prices, Markups, and Currency Choice after a Large Appreciation," IRENE Working Papers 19-07, IRENE Institute of Economic Research.
    7. Berthou, Antoine & Horny, Guillaume & Mésonnier, Jean-Stéphane, 2022. "The real effects of invoicing exports in dollars," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    8. Raphael Auer & Aaron Mehrotra, 2014. "Real globalisation and price spillovers in Asia and the Pacific," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Globalisation, inflation and monetary policy in Asia and the Pacific, volume 77, pages 81-89, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Firanchuk, Alexander, 2018. "Imported Intermediate Goods and Incomplete Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Export Prices," EconStor Preprints 182400, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    10. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Johannsen, Florian, 2017. "Monetary uncertainty and trade in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A firm-level analysis," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 476-490.
    11. Dario Fauceglia & Andrea Lassmann & Anirudh Shingal & Martin Wermelinger, 2018. "Backward participation in global value chains and exchange rate driven adjustments of Swiss exports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 154(3), pages 537-584, August.
    12. A. Berthou & G. Horny & J-S. Mésonnier, 2018. "Dollar Funding and Firm-Level Exports," Working papers 666, Banque de France.
    13. Berthou, Antoine & Horny, Guillaume & Mésonnier, Jean-Stéphane, 2022. "The real effects of invoicing exports in dollars," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    14. Witada Anukoonwattaka, 2013. "International Production Sharing and Exchange Rates of Asian Countries," Studies in Trade and Investment 80, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    15. Hyelin Choi & Hyo Sang Kim, 2020. "Exchange Rates and Firm Exports: The Role of Foreign Ownership and Foreign Subsidiaries," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 19(2), pages 103-118, Summer.
    16. Twinam, Tate, 2020. "Trade Shocks and Growth: The Impact of the Quartz Crisis in Switzerland," SocArXiv twscm, Center for Open Science.
    17. Dario Fauceglia, 2020. "Exchange rate fluctuations and quality composition of exports: Evidence from Swiss product‐level data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(6), pages 1592-1618, June.
    18. Casas, Camila, 2020. "Industry heterogeneity and exchange rate pass-through," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
    19. Ahn, JaeBin & Park, Chang-Gui, 2014. "Exchange rate pass-through to domestic producer prices: Evidence from Korean firm-level pricing survey," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 125(1), pages 138-142.
    20. Peter H. Egger & Johannes Schwarzer & Anirudh Shingal, 2018. "Labour market effects of currency appreciation: The case of Switzerland," RSCAS Working Papers 2018/30, European University Institute.

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    Keywords

    Exchange rates; exchange-rate-pass-through; international trade; prices;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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