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Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies

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  • Sven W. Arndt
  • J. David Richardson

Abstract

This paper integrates the contributions to a forthcoming volume of the same title by the authors. The volume analyzes and empirically examines linkages between the real and financial variables that themselves link open economies-- "linkage" thus has a double meaning. Two types of linkages are discussed. Structural linkages describe differences across economies and among sectors in market structure (competitive/oligopolistic), productivity growth, and openness to trade. Inter-temporal linkages describe differences across economies and over time or circumstance in saving preferences and capital formation, government budgets, portfolio shares of "inside" and "outside" assets, and openness to mobile financial flows. Structural linkages are important chiefly for explaining sustained divergences in national competitiveness as measured by purchasing-power-parity norms. Inter-temporal linkages also account for them, as well as for sustained divergences in current and capital-account positions, geographical growth rates, and national incomes of residents.

Suggested Citation

  • Sven W. Arndt & J. David Richardson, 1987. "Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies," NBER Working Papers 2230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:2230
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. International Monetary Fund, 1984. "The Exchange Rate System: Lessons of the Past and Options for the Future," IMF Occasional Papers 1984/003, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584-584.
    3. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-1176, December.
    4. Sven W. Arndt & J. David Richardson (ed.), 1987. "Real-Financial Linkages among Open Economies," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026251172x, December.
    5. Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1986. "The Assessment of National Price Levels," NBER Working Papers 1912, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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