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Impact of technological progress on carbon emissions in different country income groups

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  • Chris Belmert Milindi
  • Roula Inglesi-Lotz

Abstract

This study examines the complex relationship between carbon emissions and technological progress in a sample of 60 countries divided into four income groups for the period 1989–2018. For robustness purposes and due to the broad definition of technology, we use six different proxies to represent technology: Information and telecommunication technology (ICT), patents, public R&D expenditure, Total factor of productivity (TFP), science and technology publications. After applying the fixed-effect method with Driscoll and Kraay standard errors, ICT variables appear to be good instruments for carbon reduction in the full sample. However, R&D expenditure and patents do not significantly impact carbon emissions. TFP increases carbon emissions, while science and technology publications are negatively related to carbon emissions. The analysis shows mixed results for the various country income groups and all indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Belmert Milindi & Roula Inglesi-Lotz, 2023. "Impact of technological progress on carbon emissions in different country income groups," Energy & Environment, , vol. 34(5), pages 1348-1382, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:engenv:v:34:y:2023:i:5:p:1348-1382
    DOI: 10.1177/0958305X221087507
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    technological progress; income groups; rebound effect; driscoll and kraay standards errors;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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