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The Time Series and Cross-Section Asymptotics of Dynamic Panel Data Estimators

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  • Javier Álvarez
  • Manuel Arellano

Abstract

In this paper we derive the asymptotic properties of within groups (WG), GMM and LIML estimators for an autoregressive model with random effects when both T and N tend to infinity. GMM and LIML are consistent and asymptotically equivalent to the WG estimator. When T/N->0 the fixed T results for GMM and LIML remain valid, but WG although consistent has an asymptotic bias in its asymptotic distribution. When T/N tends to a positive constant, the WG, GMM and LIML estimators exhibit negative asymptotic biases of order T,N and (2N-T), respectively. In addition, the crude GMM estimator that neglects the autocorrelation in first differenced errors is inconsistent as T/N->c>0, despite being consistent for fixed T. Finally, we discuss the properties of a random effects MLE with unrestricted initial conditions when both T and N tend to infinity.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Álvarez & Manuel Arellano, 1998. "The Time Series and Cross-Section Asymptotics of Dynamic Panel Data Estimators," Working Papers wp1998_9808, CEMFI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp1998_9808
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alonso-Borrego, Cesar & Arellano, Manuel, 1999. "Symmetrically Normalized Instrumental-Variable Estimation Using Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(1), pages 36-49, January.
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    5. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    6. Bekker, Paul A, 1994. "Alternative Approximations to the Distributions of Instrumental Variable Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(3), pages 657-681, May.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models

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