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Environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 emissions: a literature survey

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  • Muhammad Shahbaz
  • Avik Sinha

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to provide a survey of the empirical literature on environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) estimation of carbon dioxide (CO Design/methodology/approach - This survey categorizes the studies on the basis of power of income in empirical models of EKC. It has been hypothesized that the EKC shows an inverted U-shaped association between economic growth and CO Findings - For all the contexts, the results of EKC estimation for CO Research limitations/implications - The future studies in this context should not only consider new set of variables (e.g. corruption index, social indicators, political scenario, energy research and development expenditures, foreign capital inflows, happiness, population education structure, public investment toward alternate energy exploration, etc.), but also the data set should be refined, so that the EKC estimation issues raised by Stern (2004) can be addressed. Originality/value - By far, no study in the literature of ecological economics has focused on the empirical estimation of EKC for CO

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Shahbaz & Avik Sinha, 2019. "Environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 emissions: a literature survey," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 46(1), pages 106-168, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:jespps:jes-09-2017-0249
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    Keywords

    Economic growth; Carbon emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics

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