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The Effect of the PSI in the Relationship Between Sovereign and Bank Credit Risk: Evidence from the Euro Area

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  • Michalis-Panayiotis Papafilis

    (University of Piraeus, Greece)

  • Maria Psillaki

    (University of Piraeus, Greece)

  • Dimitris Margaritis

    (The University of Auckland Business School, New Zealand)

Abstract

This study examines the nexus between sovereigns and banks during a crisis with a focus on the effects of PSI, the voluntary exchange program of Greek sovereign bonds with private sector involvement. The effectiveness of the program is evaluated through its impact on credit default swaps of 8 Eurozone countries and 21 banks, using daily data from 2009 to 2014. Using linear and nonlinear causality analyses, it is found that the link between sovereign and bank risk weakened after PSI, while the persistence and magnitude of lead-lag interactions also declined in the same period. A difference-in-difference model confirms this result. The findings are also robust to second moment filtering, with GARCH-BEKK residuals indicating the presence of significant albeit declining nonlinear causal effects. The empirical evidence suggests that sovereign debt restructuring initiatives, such as PSI, could be an effective policy measure to ease off pressure on the nexus between banks and their sovereigns.

Suggested Citation

  • Michalis-Panayiotis Papafilis & Maria Psillaki & Dimitris Margaritis, 2019. "The Effect of the PSI in the Relationship Between Sovereign and Bank Credit Risk: Evidence from the Euro Area," Multinational Finance Journal, Multinational Finance Journal, vol. 23(3-4), pages 211-272, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:mfj:journl:v:23:y:2019:i:3-4:p:211-272
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CDS spreads; PSI; sovereign/bank credit risk; contagion; nonlinear causality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt

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