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Triggers and Characteristics of the 2007 Kenyan Electoral Violence

  • Dercon, Stefan
  • Gutiérrez-Romero, Roxana

Following the disputed 2007 Kenyan Presidential election unprecedented levels of violence erupted across the country adding to the history of troubled elections in Africa. This paper offers quantitative and qualitative evidence on the issues that triggered the electoral violence, its incidence, and impacts. Using two surveys conducted before and after the election we find that one out of three Kenyans was affected by the violence regardless of their ethnicity and wealth. The chances of being a victim of violence were higher in areas with land conflicts and where politically-connected gangs operated. Violence, which was mainly triggered by the perception that the election had been rigged, increased support toward lawlessness, reduced trust and social capital among communities.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X11002373
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 731-744

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:4:p:731-744
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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