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Mister Sandman, bring me good marks! On the relationship between sleep quality and academic achievement

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  • Baert, Stijn
  • Omey, Eddy
  • Verhaest, Dieter
  • Vermeir, Aurélie

Abstract

There is growing evidence that health factors affect tertiary education success in a causal way. This study assesses the effect of sleep quality on academic achievement at university. To this end, we surveyed 804 students about their sleep quality by means of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before the start of their first exam period in December 2013 at Ghent University. PSQI scores were merged with course marks in this exam period. Instrumenting PSQI scores by sleep quality during secondary education, we find that increasing total sleep quality with one standard deviation leads to 4.85 percentage point higher course marks. Based on this finding, we suggest that higher education providers might be incentivised to invest part of their resources for social facilities in professional support for students with sleep and other health problems.

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  • Baert, Stijn & Omey, Eddy & Verhaest, Dieter & Vermeir, Aurélie, 2015. "Mister Sandman, bring me good marks! On the relationship between sleep quality and academic achievement," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 91-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:130:y:2015:i:c:p:91-98
    DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.011
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    Cited by:

    1. Baert, Stijn & Lippens, Louis & Moens, Eline & Sterkens, Philippe & Weytjens, Johannes, 2020. "How Do We Think the COVID-19 Crisis Will Affect Our Careers (If Any Remain)?," IZA Discussion Papers 13164, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Eline Moens & Louis Lippens & Philippe Sterkens & Johannes Weytjens & Stijn Baert, 2022. "The COVID-19 crisis and telework: a research survey on experiences, expectations and hopes," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 23(4), pages 729-753, June.
    3. Stijn Baert & Sunčica Vujić & Simon Amez & Matteo Claeskens & Thomas Daman & Arno Maeckelberghe & Eddy Omey & Lieven De Marez, 2020. "Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: Correlation or Causal Relationship?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(1), pages 22-46, February.
    4. Simon Amez & Suncica Vujic & Margo Abrath & Stijn Baert, 2021. "Deteriorated sleep quality does not explain the negative impact of smartphone use on academic performance," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 21/1019, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    5. Amez, Simon & Baert, Stijn & Heydencamp, Emily & Wuyts, Joey, 2021. "Does Multitasking Affect Students' Academic Performance? Evidence from a Longitudinal Study," IZA Discussion Papers 14896, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Amez, Simon & Baert, Stijn, 2019. "Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: A Literature Review," IZA Discussion Papers 12723, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Simon Amez & Suncica Vujic & Lieven De Marez & Stijn Baert, 2019. "Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: First Evidence from Longitudinal Data," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 19/986, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    8. Benjamin W. Cowan & Zhuang Hao, 2021. "Medicaid expansion and the mental health of college students," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(6), pages 1306-1327, June.
    9. Alan T. Piper, 2016. "Sleep duration and life satisfaction," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 63(4), pages 305-325, December.
    10. Amez, Simon & Baert, Stijn, 2021. "Bye, bye, Hotel Mama, bye, bye good grades? Living in a student room and exam results in tertiary education," GLO Discussion Paper Series 885, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    11. Schaffner, Markus & Sarkar, Jayanta & Torgler, Benno & Dulleck, Uwe, 2018. "The implications of daylight saving time: A quasi-natural experiment on cognitive performance and risk taking behaviour," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 390-400.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Belgium; Economics of education; Economics of health; Economics of sleep; Academic achievement; Sleep quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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