Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement
This paper studies the effect of improved early life health care on mortality and long-run academic achievement in school. We use the idea that medical treatments often follow rules of thumb for assigning care to patients, such as the classification of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW), which assigns infants special care at a specific birth weight cutoff. Using detailed administrative data on schooling and birth records from Chile and Norway, we establish that children who receive extra medical care at birth have lower mortality rates and higher test scores and grades in school. These gains are in the order of 0.15-0.22 standard deviations.
Volume (Year): 103 (2013)
Issue (Month): 5 (August)
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- Alan I. Barreca & Melanie Guldi & Jason M. Lindo & Glen R. Waddell, 2011. "Saving Babies? Revisiting the effect of very low birth weight classification," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(4), pages 2117-2123.
- Schady, Norbert, 2006.
"Early childhood development in Latin America and the Caribbean,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
3869, The World Bank.
- Norbert Schady, 2006. "Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
- Douglas Almond & Joseph J. Doyle, Jr. & Amanda E. Kowalski & Heidi Williams, 2008.
"Estimating Marginal Returns to Medical Care: Evidence from At-Risk Newborns,"
NBER Working Papers
14522, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Douglas Almond & Joseph J. Doyle, Jr. & Amanda E. Kowalski & Heidi Williams, 2010. "Estimating Marginal Returns to Medical Care: Evidence from At-Risk Newborns," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(2), pages 591-634, May.
- Tarjei Havnes & Magne Mogstad, 2011. "No Child Left Behind: Subsidized Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 97-129, May.
- Gregory Veramendi & Sergio Urzua, 2011. "The Impact of Out-of-Home Childcare Centers on Early Childhood Development," Research Department Publications 4723, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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