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Financial globalisation and monetary policy effectiveness

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  • Georgiadis, Georgios
  • Mehl, Arnaud

Abstract

In theory financial globalisation has an ambiguous effect on monetary policy effectiveness. On the one hand, exposure to global financial cycles dampens the output effect of a tightening in monetary policy in financially integrated economies and thereby reduces monetary policy effectiveness. On the other hand, another salient feature of financial globalisation is that economies have become increasingly net long in foreign currency, which amplifies monetary policy effectiveness: economies experience larger valuation losses and wealth effects on their external balance sheets in response to an exchange rate appreciation when monetary policy is tightened, hence triggering stronger output effects. We quantify empirically the net impact of financial globalisation on monetary policy effectiveness through these two opposing channels. We find that since the 1990s the second channel has dominated so that financial globalisation has amplified monetary policy effectiveness in the typical advanced and emerging market economy. By our estimates, the output effect of a tightening in monetary policy has increased by 25% due to financial globalisation. Our results imply that financial globalisation has modified the transmission of monetary policy by strengthening the importance of the exchange rate channel.

Suggested Citation

  • Georgiadis, Georgios & Mehl, Arnaud, 2016. "Financial globalisation and monetary policy effectiveness," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 200-212.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:103:y:2016:i:c:p:200-212
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.10.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Gräb, Johannes & Żochowski, Dawid, 2017. "The international bank lending channel of unconventional monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2109, European Central Bank.
    2. Auer, Simone, 2019. "Monetary policy shocks and foreign investment income: Evidence from a large Bayesian VAR," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 142-166.
    3. Andreas Steiner & Sven Steinkamp & Frank Westermann, 2017. "Exit Strategies, Capital Flight and Speculative Attacks: Europe's Version of the Trilemma," CESifo Working Paper Series 6753, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Kerstin Bernoth & Helmut Herwartz, 2019. "Exchange Rates, Foreign Currency Exposure and Sovereign Risk," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1792, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial globalisation; Monetary policy effectiveness; Valuation effects;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts

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