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Does foreign direct investment impede environmental quality in high-, middle-, and low-income countries?

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  • Shahbaz, Muhammad
  • Nasreen, Samia
  • Abbas, Faisal
  • Anis, Omri

Abstract

Under a multivariate framework, this paper aims to investigate the nonlinear correlation between foreign direct investment and environmental degradation for high-, middle-, and low-income countries with economic growth and energy consumption as additional determinants of environmental degradation. All variables were found to be nonstationary and cointegrated based on recent panel data unit-root tests and cointegration techniques. On applying fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS), the long-run results suggest the presence of an environmental Kuznets curve. In turn, foreign direct investment increases environmental degradation, thus confirming the pollution haven hypothesis (PHH). Moreover, the bidirectional causality between CO2 emissions and foreign direct investment is observed globally. The findings are sensitive to different income groups and regional analyses. In particular, these empirical findings aid sound economic policymaking for improving environmental quality and sustainable economic development.

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  • Shahbaz, Muhammad & Nasreen, Samia & Abbas, Faisal & Anis, Omri, 2015. "Does foreign direct investment impede environmental quality in high-, middle-, and low-income countries?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 275-287.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:275-287
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2015.06.014
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    8. Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy & Ummalla, Mallesh & Apergis, Nicholas, 2016. "The effect of foreign direct investment and stock market growth on clean energy use across a panel of emerging market economies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 29-41.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Economic growth; Environment;

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook

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