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Fdi, Growth And The Environment: Evidence From India On Co2 Emission During The Last Two Decades

  • Joysri Acharyya

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Lady Brabourne College)

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    This paper examines two most important benefits and costs of foreign direct investment in the Indian context - GDP growth and the environment degradation. We find a statistically significant long run positive, but marginal, impact of FDI inflow on GDP growth in India during 1980-2003. On the other hand, the long run growth impact of FDI inflow on CO2 emissions is quite large. The actual impact on the environment, however, may be larger because CO2 emission is one of the many pollutants generated by economic activities. But CO2 being a global air pollutant, our finding has some far reaching implications for the global environment as well, with India having emerged as the fourth highest in the global ranking of CO2 emissions by turn of this century.

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    Article provided by Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics in its journal Journal Of Economic Development.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 (June)
    Pages: 43-58

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    Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:34:y:2009:i:1:p:43-58
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    1. Bengoa, Marta & Sanchez-Robles, Blanca, 2003. "Foreign direct investment, economic freedom and growth: new evidence from Latin America," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 529-545, September.
    2. Magnus Blomstrom & Robert E. Lipsey & Mario Zejan, 1992. "What Explains Developing Country Growth?," NBER Working Papers 4132, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Davide Castellani & Antonello Zanfei, 2007. "Multinational companies and productivity spillovers: is there a specification error?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(14), pages 1047-1051.
    4. Durham, J.B.J. Benson, 2004. "Absorptive capacity and the effects of foreign direct investment and equity foreign portfolio investment on economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 285-306, April.
    5. Damijan, Joze P. & Knell, Mark & Majcen, Boris & Rojec, Matija, 2003. "The role of FDI, R&D accumulation and trade in transferring technology to transition countries: evidence from firm panel data for eight transition countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 189-204, June.
    6. Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Laura Alfaro & Selin Sayek & Areendam Chanda, 2002. "FDI and Economic Growth: The Role of Local Financial Markets," Macroeconomics 0212007, EconWPA.
    7. Dinda, Soumyananda, 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: A Survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 431-455, August.
    8. V N Balasubramanyam & M Salisu & David Sapsford., . "Foreign Direct Investment and Growth in EP and IS Countries," Working Papers ec18/94, Department of Economics, University of Lancaster.
    9. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
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