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Policy and misallocation: Evidence from Chinese firm-level data

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  • Chen, Guowen
  • Herrera, Ana María
  • Lugauer, Steven

Abstract

Using a rich dataset of Chinese firms, we investigate the effect of industrial policies on resource misallocation. Our difference-in-difference model estimates provide evidence that government policies increased the dispersion of revenue productivity across firms in four-digit industries targeted for support relative to other industries, suggesting a negative impact on aggregate TFP. Estimates of a changes-in-changes model reveal that the policies had a heterogeneous impact across the productivity distribution of firms in supported industries. Furthermore, we show that the heightened misallocation is related to the way in which the Chinese government doled out support through subsidies for a subset of firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Guowen & Herrera, Ana María & Lugauer, Steven, 2022. "Policy and misallocation: Evidence from Chinese firm-level data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:149:y:2022:i:c:s0014292122001532
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2022.104260
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Misallocation; Total factor productivity; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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